Brave new world door Aldous Huxley

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Boek
Vertaald als
Heerlijke nieuwe wereld
Auteur
Genre
Taal
Engels
Vak
Eerste uitgave
1932
Pagina's
259
Geschikt voor
bovenbouw havo/vwo
Punten
2 uit 5

Boekcover Brave new world
Shadow

Heerlijke nieuwe wereld, de befaamde toekomstroman van Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), hoort beschikbaar te zijn voor elke nieuwe generatie. Dankzij de nieuwe vertaling van Pauline Moody zal deze klassieke roman ook in de eenentwintigste eeuw met veel genoegen gelezen worden...

Ver in de toekomst hebben de wereldheersers eindelijk de ideale maatschappij gecr…

Heerlijke nieuwe wereld, de befaamde toekomstroman van Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), hoort beschikbaar te zijn voor elke nieuwe generatie. Dankzij de nieuwe vertaling van Pauline Mood…

Heerlijke nieuwe wereld, de befaamde toekomstroman van Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), hoort beschikbaar te zijn voor elke nieuwe generatie. Dankzij de nieuwe vertaling van Pauline Moody zal deze klassieke roman ook in de eenentwintigste eeuw met veel genoegen gelezen worden...

Ver in de toekomst hebben de wereldheersers eindelijk de ideale maatschappij gecreëerd. In laboratoria over de hele wereld is met behulp van genetica de perfecte mens gemaakt. Van de hoge Rifa-plus leidende klasse tot de Epsilon-minus imbecielen voor slaafse arbeid wordt de mens gekweekt en opgeleid tot tevredenheid met zijn gepredestineerde rol Maar in deze perfecte wereld leeft een mens, die je een productiefout zou kunnen noemen: een persoonlijkheid met een eigen gevoels- en denkwereld...

Brave new world door Aldous Huxley
Shadow
Presentation Brave New World and 1984.
Welcome,
My presentation today is based on 2 books, Brave New World and 1984.
Brave New World is written in 1932 by Aldous Huxley. George Orwell followed Huxley’s example and wrote 1984 in 1948, which was published in 1949. Both books have the theme of “future society” and the literary genre is in fact “Dystopia” or “Anti-Utopia”. This genre, about evil societies is the complete opposite of what we call a Utopia. A dystopia is an evil picture of modern society comparable with heaven versus hell. In movies this genre is known as science fiction. The dystopia is an important subject in English literature. Book and movies like “A Clockwork Orange, Animal Farm (also by Orwell), 1984 and Brave New World are well known.

The writers:

Aldous Huxley was born in Surrey in 1894. Educated at Eton and Oxford, studying English literature and philosophy. He became highly successful as a writer of short stories, essays and novels, in the 20’s and 30’s. Before he was a full-time writer, he was a journalist and a drama critic. His early novels were comic and satiric comments on the youth after the Great War, but he would also produce biographies, travel books, plays, scientific books and a record of his experience with drugs.
He moved to America in 1937 where he died in 1963.
Brave New World was written to explain the dangers of technology for mankind.
George Orwell is a pseudonym of Eric Blair. He was born in India in 1903, he studied in England and then served the Indian Civil Police, where he learned to hate colonialism. After 7 years he returned to England. He was wounded in the Spanish Civil War and spent the rest of his life in England, where he died in 1950 of tuberculosis. Orwell was a socialist, but he detested extreme political viewpoints. His most successful publications are 1984 and Animal Farm, which are warnings against totalitarian regimes and dictatorship. Other books are Burmese Days (his first novel), Down and out in Paris and London and The Road to Wigan Pier. 1984 was his last novel and he wrote this novel in order to put forward his political ideas.
These type of novels are a way for the writers to bring out their opinion about the society or the system and they can pretend at the same time, that they are writing about an imaginary world.
The stories:
BNW
Brave new world is a story that plays in the year 632 after Ford (that is after Henry Ford first produced his T-Ford). Babies are “manufactured” in bottles and raised with the tapes of a cassette player to prepare them for their place in society. People are divided in different groups; Alpha’s, Beta’s and so fort. The group they belong to marks the level of thinking they can have. Another group of people are the savages, the people not grown in tubes but made normally. It is a form of sight-seeing to go to their reservation. Two people who work in the hatchery are Bernard Marx and Lenina Crowe. Bernard is in love with Lenina and takes her to see the savages, where they meet a savage called John. John’s mother is from the world outside the reservation. John falls in love with Lenina. To stop people from worrying they are given Soma, a drug. John finally realises that he hates the Brave New world and eventually kills himself.
Things like family life, history, literature and democracy belong to a disgusting history. Sex is not for creating babies, but just for fun and it should be done as much as possible, with as many different people as possible. The society is lead by 10 people, and what they decide, is what is done, therefore, there is no democracy.

1984
Winston Smith works at the ministry of Truth in London, his job is to change records. He starts a diary (which is forbidden) because he is completely dissatisfied with the system he lives in. In the world he lives in, individual acts are a serious crime. The mottoes are: War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength. Winston meets a guy named O’Brien, who hates the party as much as Winston does, he is a rebel of the Brotherhood. Winston meets a girl named Julia and he falls in love with her and starts a relationship. They both join the Brotherhood. Eventually, they get arrested and locked up in prison, where they get beaten and tortured. All this by O’Brien, who appears to be a policeman.
O’Brien wants Winston to love Big Brother and takes him to room 101, a room where none knows what happens there. The room is the final step to reintegration. When Winston is free, he is completely brainwashed and loves Big Brother.
2 groups, the system versus those who want to be free => kind of like the Matrix.
Corresponding elements between the books:
- both the books have a scenery playing in London,
- there are other societies then we know now,
- people are being formed to a certain way of thinking,
- the main characters are trying to develop or maintain their own identity,
- history is bad,
- both the books carry tracks of Russian communism,
- religions are not allowed,
- people are not allowed to have any feelings or thoughts of their own,
- the danger is that the individual might disappear,
- totalitarianism is pictured by the writer as evil,
- the main characters die,
- Dystopia
Differences between the books:
- 5 social groups versus 2
- not allowed to read versus allowed to read what is told
- history is bunk versus adjusted history
- England versus Air Strip One
- English versus Newspeak
- 632 years of existence versus 35 to 40 years
- sex is only for fun versus sex is only for creating children.
The first science fiction books who were first called scientific novels, were already published starting from 1818 with Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Other great science fiction writers you have probably heard from are: Jules Verne, Edgar Allen Poe, H.G. Wells, Tolkien and so fort. Brave New World and 1984 were from a different genre though, they were no classic horror stories, but real ideas about the future societies.
According to the institution for science fiction, it is necessary to read Brave new World as well as 1984 and a number of no less than 98 other books, to know everything about science fiction and to be able to give them the right interpretation.
Everyone knows tv-series and movies with science fiction elements. X-files, The Matrix, Alien, Star Trek the immense popular Star Wars and various other kinds of productions. As you can see, these productions are all based on an element called outer space, and than especially life in outer space, a subject no one really knows anything about. Given the fact that science fiction is so popular, it is obvious, that these productions are all based on one principal only, the fact that people like to imagine and think about other things than normal. Maybe to escape from the normal world and every days live, but also because it is mankind’s nature to think about the future, with the help of science fiction. People have always wanted to predict the future and this is a way to do so.
This what concludes my presentation.

Corresponding elements between the books:
Both the books have a scenery playing in London,
There are other societies then we know now,
People are being formed to a certain way of thinking,
The main characters are trying to develop or maintain their own identity,
History is bad,
Both the books carry tracks of Russian communism,
Religions are not allowed,
People are not allowed to have any feelings or thoughts of their own,
The danger is that the individual might disappear,
Totalitarianism is pictured by the writer as evil,
The main characters die,
Dystopia

Differences between the books:
5 social groups versus 2
Not allowed to read versus allowed to read what is told
History is bunk versus adjusted history
England versus Air Strip One
English versus Newspeak
632 years of existence versus 35 to 40 years
Sex is only for fun versus sex is only for creating children.

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