Overzicht 1500-1800

Beoordeling 3.6
Foto van een scholier
  • Samenvatting door een scholier
  • 4e klas tto vwo | 786 woorden
  • 2 februari 2016
  • 1 keer beoordeeld
Cijfer 3.6
1 keer beoordeeld

Sturen mensen in jouw appgroep ongevraagd naaktbeelden door?

Weinig mensen zitten te wachten op ongevraagde naaktbeelden, maar toch worden ze massaal doorgestuurd. Het verspreiden van zulke beelden is eenvoudig, maar kan grote gevolgen hebben voor degene over wie het gaat. Het is dus belangrijk om in actie te komen als je ongevraagd naaktbeelden van iemand hebt ontvangen. Weten wat jij het beste kunt doen? 

Check het nu!

Time of discoverers & reformers (1500-1600), period 5

  • Renaissance: rebirth of art
  • Architecture: Dome of Florence:
    • Santa Maria del Fiore
    • By Brunellesschi
    • Biggest dome till renaissance (till then)
    • Inner and outer construction à inner was needed to build a light construction holding it together à construction of ribbons and wood
  • Leonardo da Vinci made the Homo Quadratus (ca. 1490)
    • Based on the theory written by Vitruvius called “Vitruvian Man”
    • Vitruvius described the human figure as being the principal source of proportion among the Classical order of architecture
  • David sculptures:
    • Donatello made the bronze sculpture called David, this was the first free-standing sculpture since antiquity. Between the feet of David you can see the head of Goliath.
    • Michelangelo made the marble David, ordered by Florence its city council-àthis was symbolic because Florence was also a small city in that time so they showed they were still powerful besides being small. On the shoulder of David you can see his swing.
  • Polymath/ Homo Universalis = a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas
  • Music:
  • Not Gregorian chant but music with chords (major & minor scales) and rhythms
  • Vocal: mass (sang by choirs in church), madrigal (polyphonic song à multiple voices)
  • Instrumental: danceforms
  • Arnolfini Portrait, Jan van Eijk
    • Dog represents loyalty
    • Burning candle represents the presence of God
    • They’re married because the hair of the woman isn’t loose
    • The woman standing next to the bed represents the woman taking care of the household
    • The man standing next to the window represents the man taking care of the outside world
    • Oranges symbolize wealth
    • Woman: pregnant/ fashion?
  • Other characteristics of the time of discoverers and reformers:
    • People learned reading and writing so they were able to create their own interpretation of the Bible
    • People started science à banned from the church


- Ruff: coloured and wired collar pleated into ruffles, could be made of lace, or jewelled

- Neck wisk: a falling ruff that was open at the front, resembling a collar

- Basquine: boned bodice made of whalebone and leather, gave the appearance of wider shoulders tapering to a tiny waist

- Finestrella sleeves: sleeves where the outer fabric was slit horizontally and the sleeves of the undergarment were pulled through

- Wings: rolled fabric worn vertically around each shoulder, between the sleeve and bodice

- Farthingale: topmost petticoat; used to give shape to the skirt

- Verdingale: stiff sheel of fabric, often pleated, worn between bodice and the skirt

- Wasp waist: deep V-shaped waistline above the skirt

Church did counter-reformation (see next period)


- Beret: thin, loose hat that usually tilts towards one side of the head

- Doublet: man’s bodice

- Funnel sleeves: sleeves that were fitted at the upper arm and ballooned out, fitted around the wrist

- Canions: upper stocks worn from the doublet to the knee

- Truck hose: balloonish-looking breeches that extended from the doublet to above the knee

- Codpiece: padded triangle of fabric worn laced to the front of the trunk hose

- Duckbill: low shoes

Time of regents and monarchs (1600-1700), period 6

  • Time of counter-reformation
  • Visual arts: time of baroque (inside churches)
  • Baroque:
    • Both southern & northern Europe
    • Diego Vélazquez, Las Meninas, 1656
    • Heavily decorated, lots of details
    • Rembrandt van Rijn: famous for clair obscure à creates light and shadow parts à not detailed, not like a picture, rough pencil strokes
  • Porcelain, Delftware (called “China” by the English because it’s originally from China) à invented the Tulip Vase, showed your wealth
  • Music:
    • Opera was invented
    • First composer was Monteverdi, he made l’Orfeo
    • Basso continuo: bassline played on an instrument which continues all the time
    • Melodies have complex decorated melodic lines (Baroque)
    • Start of era in which opera was a music style
    • Music becomes more dramatic
    • Rise of instrumental music (basso continuo)
    • Concertato: contrast between opposing groups of voices and groups of instruments
  • 2 types of opera:
    • Opera Seria: heroic, based on mythological stories
    • Opera Buffa: ordinary themes

Time of wigs and revolutions (1700 – 1800), period 7

  • Biggest revolution: French revolution
  • Rococo style: even more detailed and filled than Baroque, about ordinary themes, famous painter: Jean Antoine Watteau
  • Neoclassicism
    • The Death of Marat (1793) by Jacques-Louis David
    • Half-empty, lot of negative space
    • Paint human body in an objective way (like a sculpture) à focus on the anatomy of the human body
  • Design: Meissenporcelain
    • Factory made, so affordable for many more people
  • First Opera Buffa was made by Mozart: Die Zauberflöte (1791), which is a comic and not heroic
  • St Matthew Passion, Bach (1729)
    • Last days of the life of Jesus Christ
    • Eastern
    • Bach made popular composition containing text from the Bible


Log in om een reactie te plaatsen of maak een profiel aan.