I have chosen this book because it was recommended by friends. They told me that Animal farm is an entertaining story. I often read non-fiction. So I thought it would be fun to read fiction for once. I never had heard about this book, but it seemed like a nice story. The book is also made into a movie, but I haven't seen the movie.
Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the pop-holes.
As soon as the light in the bedroom went out, the animals came together. Old Major, the oldest pig of the farm, had had a strange dream on the previous night and wished to communicate it to the other animals. Old Major cleared his throat and began speaking.
He told the animals that their lives are miserable, laborious and short. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth. He said that nearly the whole of the produce of their labor is stolen from them by human beings:
''Is it not crystal clear, then, comrades, that all the evils of this life of ours spring from the tyranny of human beings? Only get rid of Man, and the produce of our labour would be our own. Almost overnight we could become rich and free. What then must we do? Why, work night and day, body and soul, for the overthrow of the human race! That is my message to you, comrades: Rebellion!''
Old Major says that all the habits of Man are evil.
Then he tells about his dream. He dreamed about a song that he had long forgotten. Many years ago there was a pig, the mother of Old Major and the other sows used to sing an old song of which they knew only the tune and the first three words. This song came back in his dream, and the words of the song came also back. Then Old Major cleared his throat and began to sing. It was a song called Beast of England. Almost before Major had reached the end, the animals had begun singing it for themselves.
Three nights after Old Major had spoken to the animals, he died. Major's speech had given to the more intelligent animals on the farm a completely new outlook of life. The work of teaching and organizing the other fell naturally upon the pigs. Pre-eminent among the pigs were two young boars, named Snowball and Napoleon. All the other male pigs on the farm were porkers. The best known among them was a small fat pig named Squealer.
These three had elaborated old Major's teaching into a complete system of thought, to which they gave the name of Animalism.
During the next weeks the animals held secret meetings and expounded the principles of Animalism to each other. Most of the animals didn't want to work on a rebellion. They asked things like: ''Why should we care what happens after we are dead?'' or ''If this rebellion is to happen anyway, what difference does it make whether we work for it or not?''.
The next few days Mr. Jones didn't feed the animals. The animals haven't received food for a couple days and they are starving. So one of the cows broke in the door of the store-shed with her horns and all the animals began to help themselves from the bins. The next day Mr. Jones and his four men were in the store-shed with whips in their hands, lashing out in all directions. The animals became very mad and started kicking the men. The men had never seen animals behave like this before. After only a moment of two gave up trying to defend themselves and took to their heels. And so, almost before they knew what was happening, the Rebellion had been successfully carried through: Jones was expelled, and the Manor Farm was theirs.
After Mr. Jones was expelled the animals burned everything what in the harness-room was. In a very little while the animals had destroy everything that reminded them of Jones.
Snowball had changed the name of the farm in Animal Farm. Snowball, Napoleon and Squealer explained to the other animals that there are Seven Commandments:
1.Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy
2.Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3.No animal shall wear clothes
4.No animal shall sleep in a bed
5.No animal shall drink alcohol
6.No animal shall kill any other animal
7.All animals are equal
The next weeks the animals were working on the farm. For every difficulty the clever pigs could think of a way round. They understood the business of mowing and raking far better than Jones and his men had ever done. Every animal worked hard and helped each other. The animals were happy as they had never conceived it possible to be. It was truly their own food, produced by themselves and for themselves, not doled out to them by a grudging master.
But the animals needed to think about the future. Most of the time the pigs made the resolutions. They wanted that the animals of other farms did the same. But those animals loved their farmer and didn't believe in such a thing as animalism.
Snowball thought that education was necessary. So he teach the other animals. He held committees and told he animals what he wanted to do for them. Napoleon took no interest in Snowball's committees. He said that te education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up. He took nine puppies of their mother and took them up into a loft which could only be reached by a ladder from the harness-room. The rest of the farm forgot their existence.
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