A. In the early 1930’s the mood in Germany was grim. Millions of people were out of work. Still fresh in mind the Germany’s humiliating defeat fifteen years earlier during World War I. This was the chance for Hitler to rise.
Hitler was a powerful and a great speaker. His party The National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi. The Nazi party won 33% of the votes. In Jan 1933 Hitler was appointed as chancellor. Many believed that they found a savior for they’re nation.
In the whole holocaust more than six million Jews where killed. 1.5 million Of them were children. 160 thousand German Jews; 106 Dutch Jews; 3 million polish Jews. One million Jews from the soviet Jews. And countless others.
B.I am going to inform my audience about The Holocaust.
C. preview main points.
1: what is the holocaust?
2: The stories
3: the camps.
1: What is the holocaust?
A. “The Holocaust” is the term Jews themselves chose to describe what happened to them during World War II. The term is related to the word “olah” in the Hebrew bible. Its religious meaning is “burnt sacrifice.” Over the 3500 year span of Jewish history, the holocaust was the most massive catastrophe. Six million died, two out of three Jews in Europe, one third of the world’s Jews.
B. The German code name for the systematic murder of the Jews was the “Final Solution of the Jewish Problem.” it was Hitler’s prime goal, set forth in his book Mein Kampf (my Struggle), a book that almost nobody took seriously when it was first published in 1925
2: The Stories
A. Many Jews in ghettos across Eastern Europe tried to organize resistance against the Germans and to arm themselves with smuggled and homemade weapons. Between 1942 and 1943 underground resistance movements formed in about 100 Jewish ghettos. The most famous attempt by the Jews to resist the Germans in armed fighting occurred in the Warsaw ghetto.
B. I got this from the book “Tell them we remember” On April 19, 1943, the Warsaw ghetto uprising began after German troops and police entered the ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. Seven hundred and fifty fighters fought the heavily armed and well-trained Germans. The ghetto fighters were able to hold out for nearly a month, but on May 16, 1943, the revolt ended. The German had slowly crushed the resistance. Of more than 56.000 Jews captured, about 7.000 were shot, and the remainders were deported to killing centers or concentration camps.
C. The biggest ghetto in Europe was the Warsaw ghetto. Some of the stories from the Warsaw ghetto come from survivors, according the United states Holocaust Museum. Some came out of the 3 milk cans, one still buried underneath the ghetto soil. the milk cans were hide by a group called himself” joy of the Sabbath” they collected music, poetry, children essay and hided it in those milk cans. And metal boxes all over the Warsaw ghetto.
D. The most of you have seen the movie” Schindlers list. Oskar Schindler; a drinker, womanizer, gambler, profiteer, briber, wheeler-dealer, a Nazi. He doesn’t sound like a saint. But he was one. He saved 1200 Jewish people. Oskar was born in 1908. Oskar lived a short distance from Cracou, a labor camp of 20000 Jews. But as Oskar saw the Nazi raids and killing of the Jews increase, he know how the SS would sweep into a Jewish street; break into apartments, loot them of all the contained. Rip the jewelry of fingers, and throats, break an arm or a leg of anyone who hid something. Shoot anyone they pleased.
E. Oskar started a factory to produce pots and pans. He let the Jews work for him. He started to care for the Jews. His company started the grow bigger and when Germany started to loose the war, he started to produce weapons. In mid October 1944, 300 of his Jewish woman who worked is his factory, got exported to Brinnlitz, a concentration camp. Oskar got in his car and followed the train. He made the train stop and got his 300 woman out. He saved their lives. Oskar started to sabotage his produced weapons. One time he heard that his grenades he produced didn’t work the didn’t explode. He responded I am glad I did not kill anybody with my creations. In the end, he saved 1200 Jews.
3: The Camps
A. Their were five big extermination camps (concentrationcamps). Sobibor, Treblinka Belzec, Auschwitz, Chelmno. The most camps were in Poland.
Auschwitz was the biggest camp in that time, the crematorium, by the German authorities.
B. From the site; Jewish virtuallilibrary.org, Could burn 340 corpses could be burned every 24 hours. The largest room in that building was designated as a morgue. It was adapted as the first provisional gas chamber in the autumn of 1941. The SS used Zyklon B to kill thousands of Jews upon arrival, as well several groups of soviet prisoners of war. An estimated 1.1 to 1.5 million people, most of them were Jews were murdered at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Camps.