Wasp

Beoordeling 4.8
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  • 22 november 2001
  • 27 keer beoordeeld
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  • 27 keer beoordeeld

Taal
Engels
Vak
Methode
Article: The many faces of Cleopatra
Source: Wasp
Time: 1.30
Subject: Cleopatra


Summary:
Paragraph 1, 17 lines
Main points: The are many stories about how Cleopatra was. The British Museum’s have opened an exhibition about this extraordinary woman and the world she lived in.

Paragraph 2, 11 lines
Main points: The exhibitions include 30 ancient images of Cleopatra, about important things in her life and Alexandria, capital of her world.

Paragraph 3, 9 lines

Main points: Alexandria had been founded by and named after Alexander the Great in 331 BC. At his dead in 323 BC, his general Ptolemy took the city over and made himself its first king. Egypt was to remain ruled by Greek kings and queens from then until 30 BC. It was that time Cleopatra committed suicide and the Romans took over. An Egyptian cobra, not an asp, delivered the fatal bite.

Paragraph 4, 21 lines
Main points: A victory procession put on by its second king, Ptolemy II, in 274 BC gives some idea of the excesses the city enjoyed and of the world Cleopatra inherited 200 years later. He built very expensive statues about things in that time. The magnificent luxury items give a strong sense of the extravagance of this world.

Paragraph 5, 14 lines
Main points: When Cleopatra in 41 BC decided that the Roman commander of Rome’s Eastern empire, Mark Anthony, was the man for her, she impressed him dressed like Venus and with boys dressed like Cupids with lots of gold, and silver.

Paragraph 6, 15 lines
Main points: The Ptolemies kept knew how to keep things on the road. Almost everything in daily use was made in their factories or under their license, all profits to the king. They held monopolies in almost all major products and the taxes in Egypt were higher than anywhere else.

Paragraph 7, 15 lines

Main points: Nearly all this money wound up in the king’s and his ministers pockets, and they spent it on themselves, especially on the royal palace, their fleet and vast mercenary army. They gave almost nothing to the workers. The workers became angry and skipped work, sabotaged harvest, wrecked dykes and stroked. Rome was aware that anyone who controlled its riches was in a position to threaten Rome itself.

Paragraph 8, 15 lines
Main points: Cleopatra came in love with Caesar and they got a son, Caesarion.

Paragraph 9, 15 lines
Main points: Caesar had blown into Alexandria in September 48 BC pursuing his rival Pompey, whom he had just defeated in a bitter civil war. The Egyptians murdered Pompey as he landed, and Caesar who tried to lord it over the Egyptians, became trapped in the palace in Alexandria. Cleopatra was restored to the throne and married to her brother Ptolemy XIV, but she bore Caesar a son.

Paragraph 10, 20 lines
Main points: When Caesar returned to Rome in 46 BC, he invited Cleopatra to join him, lodging her and Caesarion in his villa over the Tiber. Everyone in Rome paid his respects to her, tough her haughtiness annoyed the statesman Cicero. When Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March, 44 BC and his will revealed that his hear was to be his adopted nephew Octavian, not Caesarion, Cleopatra left with Caesarion for Egypt.

Paragraph 11, 54 lines
Main points: After Caesar’s assassination, civil war broke out over his succession and when the forces of the republican assassins led by Brutus and Cassius had been defeated, two camps emerged: one led by Caesar official heir Octavian, the other by Mark Antony, one of Caesar’s most loyal supporters. They divided the Mediterranean up between them; Octavian became the western half, Antony the east. When Caesar’s will was read out revealing the adopted Octavian as his hear, Antony argued that Caesarion surely was the only legitimate successor. Cleopatra might have thought: this is my second chance. In 41 BC she easily hauled him in and in 41 BC she bore Antony twins. Octavian was forced to go to Rome to marry Octavian’s sister. But in 37 BC he was back in Egypt, minus his wife and in 36 BC Cleopatra bore their third child. Deftly rumor said that Antony was planning to move the capital of the Mediterranean from Rome to Alexandria, he was only making fun while he was doing the business and that he worshipped strange gods.

Paragraph 12, 22 lines
Main points: Cleopatra excited Antony’s passions, which had so far remained hidden, to a point of utter madness, and spoiled or corrupted every virtue he possessed. When Antony was defeated by Octavian at the naval battle of Actium in 31 BC, the lovers took refuge in Egypt. But Octavian was ruthless. He tracked down and butchered Caesarion. When Octavian stormed Alexandria, Antony committed suicide. Octavian hoped Cleopatra would live because he wanted her paraded in his triumph back at Rome, Cleopatra committed suicide by a cobra-bite, because Egyptian religion assured her that would give her immortality


I thought this article was clearly written, because the writer used sub-headings, paragraphs and not too difficult words.
The author’s opinion is not expressed, because the text is based only facts.

Assignments

Assignment 23

1. Cleopatra was queen of Egypt. She lived from 69 BC till 31 BC.
2. No, because the first paragraph is about an exhibition about Cleopatra.
3. Princess Diana

Assignment 25
1. Because everyone who lived in that time has told the story a little bit different to his children. And those children have all told the story a little bit to their children. After centuries everyone had other stories.
Because she was an attractive woman, blessed with the magical charm, intelligence, with and conversation that made her irresistible.
2. Sailing up a river in a barge with a poop of gold, its purple sails billowing in the wind, her rowers caressing the waters with oars of silver. She was dressed like Venus and on the boat were boys looking like Cupids and women customed as sea-nymphs and a rich perfume.
3. Because she was an attractive woman, blessed with the magical charm, intelligence, wit and conversation.
4. Antony was planning to move the capital of the Mediterranean from Rome to Alexandria, he was reading love-letters from Cleopatra while doing business and he was worshipping strange gods.
5. She didn’t want to parade in Octavian’s triumph in Rome and the Egyptian religion, which assured her that death by a cobra-bite would confirm immortality.

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