VOCAB CHAPTERS 61-70.
- A. to steal: the object of this verb is the thing that is taken away (e.g. they stole my bike) It is an irregular verb; steal, stole, stolen.
to rob: the object of this verb is the person or place the things are stolen (e.g. a masked man robbed the bank)
- B. Leer de table.
- C. To commit a crime = een misdaad plegen
To witness a crime = getuigen
Charge with = the police charged him with bank robbery. To accuse of = beschuldigen
They were tried = the case came to court and they were tried
Pleaded not guilty = bewezen onschuld
Prosecuting = aanklagen
Passed verdict on = after brief deliberations, the jury passed verdict on them. Innocent = onschuldig
Acquitted of = the judge acquitted him of any involvement in the case
Sentenced to = the judge sentenced him to 3 years prison. Pay a fine = boete betalen
Served (in prison/jail) = in de gevangenis zitten
Was released from prison = vrijgelaten uit de gevangenis
Got time off (for good behaviour) = eerder vrij (voor goed gedrag) - D. Leer engels-engels.
62. Money buying, selling and paying.
- A. You can pay: in cash / by cheque / by credit card.
Current account = in your current account you e.g. pay in your salary
Withdraw money = geld van je bankrekening) afschrijven
Bank statement = afrekening
Savings account = spaarrekening
To deposit = storten
Overdraft / overdrawn = schulden (in the red = rood staan) To charge interest = rente vragen
Bank loan = lening
Building society = hypotheker
Mortgage = hypotheek
Fee / fees = money paid for services, e.g. school
Fare = money paid for a journey
Bargain = een ‘koopje’ Not worth = niet waard
A rip-off = if something isn’t owrth what you paid for it - B. income tax = inkomens belasting
Wages / salaries = lonen / salarissen
Inheritance tax = tax collected on what people inherit from others
Customs / excise duties = have to be paid on goods imported from other countries
VAT (value added taxes) = BTW
Corporation tax = what companies pay on their profits
Tax rebate = if you pay too much and you get tax back
Unemployment benefit / the dole = WAO
Disability allowances = money paid to people with a handicap
Student loans = money lent to help pay for studying
Social security = Currency = valuta
Exchange rates = Shares = aandelen
Invested in = investeren in
Dividend = Profit or loss = winst of verlies
63. Belief and opinion.
- A. Verbs connected with beliefs and opinions:
I’m convinced (that) ...
I’ve always held that ...
I maintain that ...
I feel ...
I reckon ...
I doubt ... = ik betwijfel
I suspect ... - B. In my view / opinion, ... ..., to my mind. If you aks me, ... From a teacher´s point of view ... - C. believe in
Are you for or against ... In favour of
I have my doubts about ... - D. Leer de ‘word tree’. Nog wat rare woorden daaruit: convictions = morals = conservative / traditional = Darwinist = Pacifist = - E. Adjectives for describing people’s views and beliefs: fanatical / obsessive = eccentric / odd = ouderwets
middle-of-the-road / moderate = dedicated / committed = firm / strong = sterk
64. Pleasant and unpleasant feelings.
A. ecstatic =
Cheerful = life looks bright and positive
Grateful = someone has done something thoughtful for you
Delighted = something gives you great pleasure
Miserable = everything seems wrong in you life
Frustrated = you are unable to do something you want to do
B. inspired = you are stimulated to create deeds or words
Thrilled = something extremely exciting and pleasing happens
Anxious = afraid and uncertain about the future. Apprehensive about = slightly nervous or anxious about something in the future
65. Like, dislike and desire.
A. to fancy = like someone very much. “I fancy him!”
To be keen on = like something “we are both very keen on sailing!”
Appealed to me = his sense of humour appealed to me
Captivated by = I was captivated by his smile
To be fond of = I’m fond of animals! (gek van/op) Affectionate and loving = he’s always affectionate and loving towards me
To devote to = We are very devoted to each other
B. Stronger ways of saying dislike: (all followed by a noun or an ‘ing form): Loathe, detest, despise, hate, cannot stand, cannot bear
Strong words used to describe the effect which something detested has on the person affected: Repel, revolt, appal, disgust
C. To desire = to wish (formal: sexual wish) To look forward to = I’m looking forward to the musical tomorrow! To dread = (opposite of “look forward to”) Are you? I’m dreading it! To long for = to wish for something very much
To yearn for = poetic way of “to long for”. D. Ways of addressing loved ones: Dearest, sweetheart, darling, love, dear, pet (mainly used for children).
A. leer tabel
B. leer tabel
C. gloomily = Eagerly = Boldly = Reluctantly = Sincerely =
67. The six senses.
A. The five senses are: sight (that looks e.g. good), hearing (that sounds ...), taste (that tastes..), touch (that feels ...) and smell (that smells ...).
B. to glance = I glanced out of the window
To notice = I noticed a man in a car in front of our house
To observe = he was observing our house through a telescope
To glimpse = I thought I glimpsed women inside the car
To peer = I also saw someone peering into the opposite house
To gaze = I gazed at them wondering what they were doing
To stare = then the man stopped staring through his telescope
C. Scale of loudness: noiseless -> silent -> quite -> noisy -> loud -> deafening
D. Taste: sweet (honey) salty (crisps) bitter (strong coffee) sour (vinegar) spicy/ hot (Indian food) Tasty (food), tasteful (furnishings, architecture or style of dressing or behaviour). Opposite of tasty and tasteful is tasteless. E. Touch: To finger = she nervously fingered her collar
To stroke (the cat), to pat (the dog) To tap = she tapped him on the shoulder
To grasp = he grasped my hand and we ran
To grab = she grabbed her handbag and ran to the bus stop
To snatch = the thief snatched her handbag
To press = press the button! To handle = please handle the goods with great care
F. smell: Putrid = Pungent = Musty = Fragrant = G. Sixth Sense: Telepathy = knowing someone else’s feelings even though you are apart
Premonition = knowing something is going to happen before it occurs
Intuition = instinctive understanding
Déjá vu = a feeling that you have already been somewhere or experienced something
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