Life and Times
In 1323 B.C., a young Egyptian king died. His name was Tutankhamum. Tutankhamun is the best known pharaoh of the old Egypt. He was maybe the son of Akhenaten, the king of the eighteenth dynasty. His mother was maybe Queen Kiya, one of the king's wives. Ankhesenamum, his older half sister, became his queen. He cath the throne in 1333 B.C. when he has the age of nine, and he was king until his early death at the age of eighteen. Some people thought he was murdered and other people think he may have been sent into battle to be killed. Whatever, the perfect cause of his death is unknown. Those who believe he was murdered. His mummified body was so badly preserved that we may never know the true fate of this pharaoh.
The Cause of His Death
Bob Brier, a mummy specialist from Long Island University, Have point see how Tut has been killed by Ay. An X-ray of his skull revealed a calcified blood clot at its base. This could have somthing to make with the cause of his death.
The painting in Tutankhamun’s burial chamber depicts Ay at the "opening of the mouth" ceremony, giving life and breath to the young pharaoh. Ay, a commoner, is wearing the leopard skin of a high priest and the crown of a pharaoh. Since Tutankhamun did not have a child to succeed him, it appears that Ay decided to seize the crown and name’s himself King of Egypt.
So who did Ankhesenamum marry? It was logical that she married Ay. A ring has been found next to his. Did Ay force her to marry him, Did he steal the throne? With three years of Ay's death, Ankhesenamum disappeared. Could she also have been the victim of a serial killer?
What happened to Ay? He died with a few years of seizing the throne. His mummy disappeared. His name was also eliminated from the official list of pharaohs, as was that of Tutankhamun.
Another theory on Tutankhamun's death suggests that he was murdered by General Horemheb, a man of low birth who became one of Akhenaten's closest advisors. Under Tutankhamun, he was a general of the army and deputy of the king. Following the demise of Tutankhamun and Ay, Horemheb became pharaoh. During his reign, he had the names of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ay removed from the royal list of pharaohs, which suggests that he had personal reasons for eradicating those rulers from the records
Since Tutankhamun died very soon, his burial was arranged in haste. Following the mummification of his human remains, his body was placed in a gold coffin and transported across the Nile to the Valley of the Kings. In the funeral procession were Tutankhamun's wife and close relatives, priests and the highest officials of the land.
The outer coffin was made of wood covered with a thin layer of gesso and overlaid with gold foil. It was sculpted in the image of Tutankhamun as Osiris, the god who presided over the judgement of the dead. He carries a crook, and wears the royal beard and a nemes headcloth.
Tutankhamun's tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings between the tombs of Rameses II and Rameses IV. Although robbers probably entered the tomb at least twice in antiquity, its contents were virtually intact when it was discovered by Howard Carter.
The design of Tutankhamun's tomb is typical of that of the kings of the eighteenth dynasty. At the entrance to the tomb there is a flight of stairs leading to a short corridor. The first room is the antechamber where many of the household items for Tutankhamun's voyage to eternity were found. Off this room is an annex, and at the far end is an opening that leads to the burial chamber. This chamber was guarded by two black sentry-statues that represent the royal ka (soul) and symbolize the hope of rebirth -- the qualities of Osiris, who was reborn after he died.
Over 3,000 treasures were placed in the tomb to help Tutankhamun in his afterlife, and the walls of the burial chamber were painted with scenes of his voyage to the afterworld. The chamber contained four gilded shrines, inside which was a red quartzite sarcophagus containing three nesting coffins. Tutankhamun's mummy rested in the innermost coffin, which is made of solid gold and weighs approximately 110.4 kilos (242.9 lbs.). His body was wrapped in linen and over his face was placed an exquisite gold mask
The Mummy's Curse
The Egyptians were concudderd with the cult of the dead. The mummified bodies of kings and commoners were placed in tombs filled with all the necessities of life. To protect the deceased in the afterlife and to prevent robbers or political enemies from desecrating the burials, the tombs were hidden in out of the way places and a curse was invoked against violators.
Over 3,000 treasures were placed in the tomb to help Tutankhamun in his afterlife, and the walls of the burial chamber were painted with scenes of his voyage to the afterworld. The chamber contained four gilded shrines, inside which was a red quartzite sarcophagus containing three nesting coffins. Which is made of solid gold and weighs 110.4 kilos. His body was wrapped in linen and over his face was placed an gold mask.
- Biografie door een scholier
- Klas onbekend | 890 woorden
- 9 september 2008
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