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Reader the sixties

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Overweeg jij om Politicologie te gaan studeren? Meld je nu aan vóór 1 mei!

Misschien is de studie Politicologie wel wat voor jou! Tijdens deze bachelor ga je aan de slag met grote en kleine vraagstukken en bestudeer je politieke machtsverhoudingen. Wil jij erachter komen of deze studie bij je past? Stel al je vragen aan student Wouter. 

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Answers: What happened in the sixties? 1. It was a time of discontent thought some people but some thought it was a time of peace love and harmony. 2. Preparing the war, civil rights laws, enacting Medicare and the war against poverty. 3. Threatening of a war. 4. It was newest dance craze it had much more movement and a whole lot less direction. 5. Because maybe the listeners would switch on if they did not like the song. 6. He and his record company where the first who released a 4/5 minute version of a song. 7. FM was for eggheads. 8. The impact would be much bigger. 9. Cuba
10. The Bay of pigs. 11. The Berlin wall was build. 12. She was a supermodel and a sexbom for a lot of man. 13. Her connection to the Kennedy’s

14. Birth Place: Los Angeles, California
Nationality: American
Birth Name: Norma Jean Baker
Birth date: June 1, 1926
Birthplace: Los Angeles, CA Date of Death: August 5, 1962. Cause: acute barbiturate poisoning - combination of Nembutal and Chloral Hydrate, both prescribed for insomnia. Weight: reported ranges from 117 – 128 pounds Shoe size
7 - 7-1/2. In 1946, a photograph was taken of Norma Jeane that appears to show a sixth toe on her right foot. Some claim she had the sixth toe surgically removed shortly thereafter. However, first husband James Dougherty has firmly stated that Marilyn had five toes on each foot. Father: Edward Mortensen; deserted Gladys Baker before Norma Jean was born. Stepfather: C. Stanley Gifford; worked for Consolidated Film Industries. Mother: Gladys Baker (née Monroe), film cutter; spent years institutionalized for psychiatric problems. Half-sister: Bernice Miracle
Husband: Jim Dougherty, he was a factory worker; married June 1942; divorced September 1946. Husband: Joe DiMaggio, he was a pro baseball player married January 1954; divorced October 1954; died at age 84 March 8, 1999. Husband: Arthur Miller, he married with Marilyn in June 29, 1956; they divorced on January 21, 1961. Education: Van Nuys High School, Van Nuys, California; graduated 1940 Actors Studio, New York, New York (1955); Lee Strasberg was Monroe’s personal drama coach Morris Carnovsky Actor’s Lab Studied acting with Natasha Lytess and Michael Chekhov. How did she get the name Marilyn Monroe? There are many stories about where her name came from, but the most likely is from Fox talent scout Ben Lyon, who got Marilyn her first screen test. The name is a derivative of two names, one from stage actress Marilyn Miller (being the first part) and her mother’s maiden name, Monroe. She legally changed her name to Marilyn Monroe in 1956. About her movies: Twenty-nine. Although you would have a hard time finding her in the earliest films. Her last film, which was never finished, Something’s Got To Give, would have been her thirtieth film. In 1950 Monroe played a small unaccredited role in The Asphalt Jungle that reaped a mountain of fan mail. An appearance in All About Eve (1950) won her another contract from Fox and much recognition. In a succession of movies, including Let's Make It Legal (1951), Love Nest (1951), Clash by Night (1952), and Niagara (1953), she advanced to star billing on the strength of her studio-fostered image as a "love goddess." With performances in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), and There's No Business Like Show Business (1954.Monroe's 29 movies grossed a total of more than $200,000,000. Awards: 1953: Golden Globe: World Film Favourite (female). 1959: Golden Globe: Best Actress (comedy/musical), Some Like It Hot. 1961: Golden Globe: World Film Favourite (female). 15. That these time the Sovjet Union collapsed under the pressure of America. 16. Khrushev. 17. That it had a lot of impact for nearly everyone. 18. "I Have A Dream" by Martin Luther King, Jr, Delivered on the steps at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963. Source: Martin Luther King, Jr: The Peaceful Warrior, Pocket Books, NY 1968 Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity. But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatise an appalling condition. In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of colour are concerned. Instead of honouring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, which has come back, marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksand’s of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment and to underestimate the determination of the Negro. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquillity in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. we must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvellous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair. I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal." I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state, sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor's lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning, "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring." And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from the curvaceous peaks of California! But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let freedom ring from every hill and every molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring. When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!" Comment: It is a beautiful speech, he knew everyone to motivate whit this speech. To come on for their rights. 19. Born: May 29, 1917
Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Origin: Irish Father: Joseph Patrick Kennedy (1888-1969) Mother: Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (1891-1995) Wife: Jacqueline Lee Bouvier (1929-1994) Kids: 2 boys and 2 girls
Study: Choate School, Princeton, Harvard, Stanford
Religion: Catholic Profession: Author, President from 1960 to 1963
Military service: Lieutenant, reservist in the U.S. Naval Party political: Democrat
Died: November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas at 13h

Cause of death: Assassinated
John F. Kennedy was born on may 29,1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts he was the second of the nine children who rose and Joshep Kennedy got. John f Kennedy was president for only 3 years (1961-63). Kennedy was the youngest man who was elected for president of the United States. On 1962.11.22, there happened something terrible; the president of America was murded. The president made a tour true Miami. Suddenly there happened something strange, there was a man rolling on the flour because he had an epilepsy fit. Everyone including the press looked to the man who was rolling on the floor. the drove though and turned into Dealey Plaza, at the same time they heard several gunshots and they where directed at the president. Jacky (his wife) bend over him and said he is hid he is hid. The president was hid in the head and in the throat. Lee Harvey Oswald is probably the killer of john F. Kennedy, but some people thought that a conspiracy did it. Maybe was lee Harvey Oswald in the conspiracy. There could not take legal action against lee Harvey Oswald because he was murded. Lyndon B. Johnson, former vice-president and successor of Kennedy made a commission who was reported to investigate the murder. This commission was under the leadership of supreme judge, Earl Warren. The investigation last more than a half a year. On 1964.09.24. The report was given to President Johnson. According to the commission warren handled Lee Harvey Oswald alone. So Oswald was the only one who shut at the president. So, there was no conspiracy. Several years later, the report was equalized with the ground
There where many common things between Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy: * Abraham Lincoln was elect for the congress in 1846. John F. Kennedy was elect for the congress in 1946. * Abraham Lincoln was elect president in 1860. J.F.K. was elect president in 1960. * The names Lincoln and Kennedy have seven letters. * The wife of both had lost children while they lived in the White House. * Both the presidents where assassinated by sulistas. * Both the presidents where succeeded by sulistas. * Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, was born in 1808. * Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908. * John Wilkes Booth, that Lincoln assassinated, was born in 1839. * Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated Kennedy, was born in 1939. * Both the assassins were known by its three names. * The names of both the assassins have 15 letters. * Booth and Oswald where assassinated before its judgment. * Lincoln was died in the Ford room, of the theatre Kennedy... Kennedy was died in a Ford car, model... Lincoln
20. That the Beatles are proceeded to change rock music forever. 21. it means that is you begin a war whit a country which do not have much many, then you will win the war. 22. For getting, the verdict overturned and is client acquitted. 23. They died in a fire on the launch pad during a practice session. 24. Bordering Arab neighbours took advantage of this uncertainty by attacking Israel, but the determined and skilled Israeli Army clobbered them all in what became known as the "Six Day War." 25. It looks like Berlin in 1945 and it blemishes the face of America. 26. Johnson quits whit the war. 27. No, he said: but suspicions of conspiracy linger on. 28. no, he is also suspicious on this one. 29. Richard Nixon. 30. Jackie Kennedy Onassis: Surname: Kennedy Onassis
First name: Jackie
Date of birth: 1929-07-28
Place of birth: Southampton, New York (the USA) Death date: 1994-05-20
Death place: New York town center (the USA) Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on 28TH July 1929 in Southampton in Federal State New York as a daughter of a French immigrant family. Her father was a banker in New York.After High School she studied journalism and she got an employment with the "Washington Times Herald". In 1953 she married John f. Kennedy she got the three children Caroline Kennedy, John F. Kennedy jr. and Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, which died two days after his birth. John F. Kennedy became on 8 December 1960 President of the United States. In 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald had murded JFK. She married Greek financier Onassis five years after JFK's death. She became a widow the second time when Onassis died. In 1994 she died of cancer. As a young student she was writing and illustrating her own poetry. At her funeral, her writing was praised in a speech of her son; John, who commended her "love of words, the bonds of home and family, and her spirit of adventure." In '51 she won a national writing contest organised by Vogue magazine, the prize was a trip to France; that article was reprinted in Vogue in February, '61, to inspire a new generation. Jackie used her talent in '61 when she wrote a guidebook called The White House. When Jackie was ten years old she wrote a poem, which she titled, ‘Sea Joy’: When I go down by the sandy shore
I can think of nothing I want more

Than to live by the booming blue sea
As the seagulls flutter round about me
I can run about when the tide is out
With the wind and the sand and the sea all about
And the seagulls are swirling and diving for fish. Oh – to live by the sea is my only wish. Impact of the world: The world loved her. Slim and beautiful, Jackie had impeccable, cultivated style and brought a new youthful beauty to the White House. Some people considered her one of America's most gorgeous women in others but admit that she had a lot of beautiful things big eyes, a pretty smile and a glamorous, classically beautiful, appearance. Photographers and magazine editors loved her, for her youthful and pleasant looks. Jackie was on countless magazine covers, like Photo play, which usually covered famous movie stars. Jackie did not want to be in the spotlights, but somehow she was always in the spotlight. The Franklin Mint memorialized her with a porcelain Jackie doll, wearing the white sleeveless gown from the '61. A magazine had so many pictures of her that in '94 they published a photo book called Remembering Jackie. Mattel created Jackie-style fashions for Barbie. In '53 the Republic of Niger created a postage stamp honouring her wedding to Jack, while Gambia created nine different stamps devoted to her; in '99 there was made a board game of the Kennedy’s
31. Senator Ted Kennedy drives his car off a bridge in Massachusetts, killing his young passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne. This major story was partially drowned out (sorry) by the moon landing that took place just days later. A week after the accident, Kennedy received a suspended sentence, and that was the end of it. But many Americans would never look at Kennedy the same way (and few would ever ride in a car with him at the wheel.). The people do not feel safe whit him anymore. 32. Neil Armstrong. 33. Houston tranquillity base here the eagle has landed. 34. It gave America confidence that they could beat Russia in everything. 35. Many children from the Baby boom where on Woodstock. 36. he thinks they are stupid, he said. So Charlie and his family can spend the rest of their lives in prison at the tax payers expense. The sixties then and now: 1. In one word: choice. 2. Sometimes it is advantage sometimes not. Everyone is planning his or her evening around the TV programs. In the sixties, there where not so many TV programs the programs brought people together. 3. In the sixties, you had to be a good actor now you have to be different and lucky. 4. Usually the lyrics made sense and lifted or spirits. 5. Foreign mad cars accounted for only a small of U.S. 6. Auto safety was a secondary issue. 7. They used less than half the amount of energy than we do today. And there were fewer traffic jams. 8. Teachers where enormously respected, teaching was the most honourable profession. But they where not paid more than nowadays. 9. If woman worked than there was more money but the man thought we don’t need al that luxuartity. And the had plenty of work to do. 10. Yes, you knew your neighbours and respected them. 11. The level of public discourse was much more elevated than its today. 12. No people did not talk about self-esteem the kept their private life private. 13. No because there where not so many products so there where no alternatives. 14. If the house of one of your neighbours was burned out, you took your neighbours in home for a long time, until they had their new home. 15. People where ashamed to divorce. 16. The rate of Women who had children outside the marriage. 17. No because it cost a lot of money, there was no insurance for. 18. It was considered as odd abnormality not an equivalent lifestyle. Some people think still that, but I think that you have to do what makes you happy. 19. Unfairness, separation of black and white people and discrimination. 20. The baseball players took jobs in the off-season to make ends meet. 21. No there was still a lot of unfairness. Moreover, in do not want to miss al the things, which are invented. The sixties quiz: 1. Dwight Eisenhower had a heart attack while serving as president. Yes No

2. Rebels backed by the U.S. attempted a coup to overthrow Fidel Castro. Yes No
3. President Kennedy challenged his country to land a man on the moon before the end of the decade. Yes No
4. Marilyn Monroe died. Yes No
5. Johnny Carson began a 30-year reign as host of the "Tonight Show." Yes No
6. Elvis had his first number 1 hit. Yes No
7. Elvis went into the Army. Yes No
8. Elvis was discharged from the Army. Yes No
9. President Kennedy was assassinated. Yes No
10. Bobby Kennedy was assassinated. Yes No
11. Martin Luther King was assassinated. Yes No
12. Alabama Governor George Wallace was shot and paralyzed while running for president. Yes No
13. Richard Nixon lost the presidential election by a razor-thin margin. Yes No
14. Richard Nixon won the presidential election. Yes No
15. Richard Nixon was forced to resign from office in disgrace. Yes No

16. Three U.S. astronauts died in a fire on the launch pad. Yes No
17. Alan Shepard became the first American to fly into space. Yes No
18. John Glenn orbited the earth three times in the "Friendship 7." Yes No
19. The U.S. landed a man on the moon. Yes No
20. Alaska became the 49th state of the union. Yes No
21. An American spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union, giving the Russian leader all the reason he needed to cancel disarmament talks with the U.S. Yes No
22. 250,000 protestors marched against the war in Washington, D.C. Yes No
23. Four protestors were shot and killed by members of the National Guard during a demonstration against the war at Kent State University. Yes No
24. The U.S. surgeon general declared that cigarette smoking, a habit "enjoyed" by 60% of the adult population, is a major health hazard. Yes No
25. Ted Kennedy made a run for the presidency, but did not get very far. Yes No
26. The National Guard was required to oversee the peaceful integration of the University of Mississippi. Yes No
27. Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst was kidnapped by the so-called Symbioses Liberation Army. Yes No

28. Elvis died. Yes No
29. The president declares war on poverty in the U.S. Yes No
30. The U.S. nearly went to war against the Soviet Union because of the presence of Russian nuclear missiles in Cuba. Yes No
31. Charles Manson and other members of his cult brutally murdered actress Sharon Tate and several others. Yes No
32. Sam Shepherd was found guilty of murdering his wife. Yes No
33. Sam Shepherd was found not guilty of murdering his wife. Yes No
34. Dr. Martin Luther King, preaching non-violence, offered his "I Have a Dream" speech before a audience of 200,000 in Washington, D.C. Yes No
35. Huge and horrible race riots in Detroit surpassed those in the Watts section of Los Angeles two years earlier, in terms of both financial cost and lives lost. Forty-one people died; Detroit's mayor said, "It looks like Berlin in 1945." Yes No
36. The first Super Bowl was played. Yes No
37. The Twist became the newest dance craze. Yes No
38. The Beatles led the "British invasion," landed in New York, and changed rock music forever. Yes No
39. The women's liberation movement took off with the publishing of "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan. Yes No

40. Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth's single-season home run record. Yes No
41. Disneyworld, a huge theme park outside of Orlando, opened to the public. Yes No
42. The landmark Supreme Court decision, Roe vs. Wade, gave women the legal right to have an abortion. Yes No
43. The minimum voting age in the U.S. is officially lowered from 21 to 18. Yes No
44. With hundreds of American soldiers dying every week, the "troop strength" in Vietnam increased to 475,000. Yes No
45. Ted Kennedy nearly died in a plane crash. Yes No
46. Ted Kennedy drove his car off a bridge, killing the passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne. Yes No
47. Under the direction of the Soviet Union, East Berliners were trapped by a 26-mile long cement wall, effectively imprisoning its residents. Yes No
48. Hawaii became the 50th state of the union. Yes No
49. Jackie Kennedy married Greek tycoon Aristotle Onassis. Yes No
50. Israel clobbered its Arab neighbours who wanted to destroy it in the "Six Day War." Yes No
51. Hugh Hefner published the first issue of his controversial magazine, "Playboy." Yes No Boomer Speak: 1. Laughing my ass off. 2. No, there was a TV host called John Denver, every time he was exiting or amazed his eyes would open wide and he blurt out “far out”. 3. It meant cool or hot. 4. Than you where popular. 5. If it was better than terribly good. The word is disappeared. 6. It is a compliment. 7. First, he was considered as ´the gay´ now he is happy, because it is accepted. 8. than you had to take care of natural business. 9. if you still think that the place of the woman is at home. 10. Out to lunch meant: that is someone who is hopelessly lost. Being bent meant: if you were drunk. A pad meant an apartment or a place to stay.
Fashion in the sixties: 1. I told you they where fashion blind. 2. Fashion has no logic, in a few years they will be saying the same thing about the obscene use of rings. 3. It is stupid and silly. 4. A white t- shirt, a pull suits coat and no facial hair. 5. There where no casual Friday’s the trend was formal. 6. That he still wore those white socks. 7. it is a skirt whit a poodle on it. 8. Shirts, slacks, black or brown Lac shoes, or tennis shoes. 9. I think it looks like a head or a mop that where the name came from. 10. Shirts and blouses. 11. Kind of like a cross between a shirt and a pair of shorts. 12. Real short pants. 13. Tennis shoes black or white. 14. That is a shirt whit a knot on the front. 15. Paint your T- shirt, that sort of shirts where called tie-dyed shirts. The stuff we watched: 1. I do not think that you are what you see, because if you do not look very nice, that does not mean that you are not nice or something like that. you watch the programs on TV that look like you. 2. The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis
Cast: Dwayne Hickman - Dobie Gillis
Bob Denver - Maynard G. Krebs
Frank Faylen - Herbert T. Gillis
Florida Friebus - Winnie Gillis
Tuesday Weld - Thalia Menninger
Sheila James - Zelda Gilroy
Steve Franken - Chatsworth Osborne Jr. William Shallert - Mr. Pomfrett
Description: This was one of the first TV sitcoms written from the viewpoint of the teenager. So much so in fact, that Dobie would often go to the park, pace back and forth in front of Rodin's The Thinker, and talk over his troubles to his teenage audience. It was very funny! English teach Mr. Pomfrett provided guidance to all his students, and Maynard G. Krebs.... was a harmless beatnik. He cringed at the word "work," and was
mesmerized by his favourite movie, "The Monster that Devoured Cleveland." (My favourite, too.) CBS, 1959-1963. I like to watch this sort of shows so I would watch this one to. The Jetsons

Description: Meet George Jetson.... the opposite side of the Flintstones. This was an animated idea of what life might be like in the 21st century. George worked for Spacely Space Sprockets. ABC, 1962-1964; CBS, 1965-1966; NBC, 1966-1967; CBS, 1969-1970; NBC, 1971-1975. This show is sometimes on cartoon network and I think this one is very funny. The Little Rascals
Cast and Description: The Little Rascals, AKA, the Our Gang comedies, was a creation of Hal Roach. The silent and early talkie shorts actually went on for over 20 years. The gang included, Spanky, Alfalfa, Porky, Darlene, Butch, Farina, Buckwheat, Dickey, Stymie, Darla, Waldo, Wheezer, and Petie, the beloved dog. It was Porky who said, "Otay," not Buckwheat. The Little Rascals was syndicated and often appeared as short segments in local kids' shows throughout the fifties and sixties. I’ve seen this show more than once in Ned 1, I like that little boy he is so sweet. My Three Sons
Cast: Fred MacMurray - Steve Douglas
William Frawley - "Bub" - Michael Francis O'Casey
William Demarest - Uncle Charley - Charley O'Casey
Tim Considine - Mike Douglas
Don Grady - Robbie Douglas
Stanley Livingston - Chip (Richard) Douglas
Barry Livingston - Ernie Douglas
Description: This endearing sitcom lasted longer than most marriages today, and went through several incarnations. Three sons somehow became four. But the theme was always the same: the importance of the family. ABC, 1960-1965; CBS, 1965-1972. I think that this sort of program’s very important are for young people who don’t know what a real loving full family. The Honeymooners
Cast: Jackie Gleason - Ralph Kramden

Art Carney - Ed Norton
Audrey Meadows - Alice Kramden
Joyce Randolph - Trixie Norton
Description: Ralph and Ed are trying to learn how to play golf to impress the boss. Ralph reads aloud from the instruction book, "Address the ball." Holding a golf club in one hand, Norton salutes the ball with the other and says, "Hello, ball!" Such was the humor of one of the finest comedies ever produced. The Kramdens and the Nortons lived at 328 Chauncery Street, Bensonhurst, Brooklyn. Ralph drove a bus for the Gotham Bus Company; Ed worked in the sewers, literally. CBS, 1955-1956. I love to watch comedy’s so probably I would watch this one to. Prices--What Things Cost: 1. Products are no longer the same they improved more. There is more industrialisation. And there is not one, two or tree sorts of cola no hundred. 2. A The price of automobiles has risen much faster than the rate of inflation. Of course, automobiles have many more safety features and do-dads. But still... we are willingly spending much more money on cars. And that does not even take into consideration the fact that a quarter of us lease our cars rather than buy them. Whew! Wanna' talk about a rip-off! B But the item that stands out the most is the tax rate. In 1962, we paid about 20% of our income in taxes; today it is double that rate. If you do not like the price of a movie ticket, you can simply choose not to go to the movies. But no working, productive American can avoid the confiscatory tax rate. C The price of electronic gadgets has gone down. Can you imagine paying $228 for a small transistor radio with a 2-inch speaker? Well, in 1962, hundreds of thousands of us did. 3. There was not much choice and a cola cost everywhere the same nowadays is the price different, the price of the same products but from another brand is very different. 4. The prices of the non-USA labor products have not been gone up so much as manual labor. The boomers peace sign: 1. The peace sign is actually similar in appearance to the Teutonic rune of death. 2. Anti capitalist are communists and they wore the peace sign to. Communists are people who stand for socialism and the people of the sixties stand to for socialism. Woodstock remembered: 1. Because the festival was in the wood and it means in houtvoorraad. I think it is silly and stupid name. 2. Because there was a bad whether and very bad music. There was no sanitary so I think I could not endure it. 3. $6 because the organisers where greedy capitalists. 4. It was very bad music but the music was not the most important. 5. It rained and the wind blow very hard. 6. That everyone will remember it. Vietnam from a distance: 1. If one country fall into communism the one next to him would
be the next. 2. That you probably where going to be drafted into military service. 3. Vietnam War - America's longest War
The Vietnam War: 1959 to 1975
The Vietnam War was between the communistic North Vietnam and the democratic South Vietnam. North Vietnam attempted to overthrow the South Vietnam and unite Vietnam under one Communistic government. The United States joined the Vietnam War to prevent communism from spreading throughout South East Asia. army navy marines air force coast guard total #serving 4,368,000 1,842,000 794,000 174,000 -- 8,744,000
battle deaths 30,911 1,631 13,083 1,739 5 47,369

other deaths 7,274 927 1,754 842 2 10,799
wounded 96,802 4,178 51,392 931 -- 153,303
Before World War 2, Vietnam had been part of the French Empire. During the war, the Japanese had overrun the country. When the Japanese retreated, the people of Vietnam took the opportunity to establish their own government lead by Ho Chi Minh. However, after the end of the war, the Allies gave back South Vietnam to the French while the north was left in the hands of the non-communist Chinese. In October 1946, the French announced that they would have North Vietnam back, which meant that ho chi Minh had to fight for it. The war started in November 1946, when the French bombarded the port of Haiphong and killed 6,000 people. The French said to the people of North Vietnam that they would give them freedom and independence. A new leader of the country was called Bao Dai. The Russians and East Europe refused to listen to his rule. They said that Ho Chi Minh was the real leader of Vietnam. The French had made themselves into a difficult military position. Despite the huge American help, the French could not beat Ho Chi Minh. The country was meant to be ruled by Bao Dai who was supported by the west (the non-communist part). In 1956, there would be an election in both the north and south to decide who would rule the whole country. This election did not take place and the dervision had become permanent in 1956. America and Vietnam
During the 1950's, America had developed her Domino Theory. This was the creation of John Foster Dulles, America's Secretary of State. He believed that if one country became communism, the country next to it would be the next. Just as when one domino falls the rest go with it if they are connected. America was so afraid that communism would spread out. America had already sent "special advisors" to South Vietnam since 1955. The bombing of North Vietnam started in February 1965. When two American destroyers were attacked by North Vietnamese gunboats while they were in international waters, the American Senate gave Johnson the power to give armed support to assist any country who was attacked by the north Vietnamese people, American involvement in Vietnam: 1965 to 1969 there where a maximum of 500,000 American troops in Vietnam the most of the frontline troops where very young. Not wearing a standard uniform etc. It was difficult for these young American troops to know who the enemy was and whom they could trust amongst the South Vietnamese population. The Viet Cong had had years to perfect their tactics whereas the American soldiers in Vietnam had only had their basic training. But the American troops where much more elevated than North Vietnam. The north Vietnam troops where at foot and America had total control of the air. Planes could be used to back-up ground troops by using napalm. Defoliation chemicals were also used to destroy the jungle cover given to the Viet Cong along the Ho Chi Minh trail. Agent Orange killed large areas of jungle. To hinder the supply of US troops, the Viet Cong blew up bridges, roads and destroyed canals. The Viet Cong used mines called "bouncing bellies" - these were on springs and when tripped would spring up to about waist height and explode. They were not usually fatal but the victim would need immediate medical aid and 3 to 4 men to look after him. By May 1968, the North Vietnamese were willing to start talks about peace. The talks started in Paris and it lasts over 5 years. The major sticking points were that Ho Chi Minh wanted all foreigners out of Vietnam and he wanted the country to be internationally accepted as a united country. America was still hampered by her support of the domino theory but the war had become very unpopular at home and the politicians were aware of the views of the voting population. In 1969, the American president, Richard Nixon, agreed to reduce the number of American troops in South Vietnam. He pursued a policy called "Vietnamisation" whereby the South Vietnamese would be assisted in material matters by the Americans but the fighting would be done by the South Vietnamese Army. In December 1970, there were 350,000 American troops in South Vietnam. By September 1972, there were just 40,000.America's involvement in Vietnam ended in 1973. The war had cost her one billion dollars a day at its peak; she had dropped 7 million tons of bombs - more than the entire total of all participants in World War Two. The cost of the war in 1968 alone was $88,000 million. By April 1975, Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam had fallen. It was re-named Ho Chi Minh City and a united Vietnam came into being. 4. If you were a full-time college student than you would not have to go in military service. The author tells it a bit sarcastic. 5. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution which authorized the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression
6. The bad people of Ho Chi Minh. 7. Because America has never lost a war before, so he did not want to lose this one to. 8. U.S.S.R and China. 9. it was like a lottery you get a number. Your number was based on your date of birth. If you drew, a low number... say, below 150, you were probably going to be drafted. If you had a high number... say, over 250, you were probably safe. 10. Everyone lied to each other so the final lie came to the president and he thought that the enemy was week. But it was not so very week. 11. if you tried to come home into the U.S you were subject to prosecution. The soldiers who came back tried to hide that they where from the army. 12. They were even bad. It is ironic, because it was Nixon who supported the amendment to lower the voting age to 18; it was Nixon who proposed and set up the military lottery system, which added stability to the system; it was Nixon who led us out of the war; and it was Nixon who ended the draft. 13. Everyone could see what happened in Vietnam; they could make their own opinion. 14. More soldiers died of diseases than from bullets, the soldiers were younger, the soldiers were not emotionally prepared, and it was a longer war than WO2. 15. 16. The Ted-offensive came at the time when Americans had been led to believe that victory was within reach. It was horribly demoralizing, and helped turn public opinion against Johnson and his conduct of the war. 17. There was no clearly defined, specific military objective in Vietnam. So the task for many soldiers boiled down to trying to carry out specific orders and trying harder to survive.... one day to the next. That is not a recipe for victory. 18. The speech from president Johnson on March 31, 1986: Good evening, my fellow Americans. Tonight I want to speak to you of peace in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. No other question so preoccupies our people. No other dream so absorbs the 250 million human beings who live in that part of the world. No other goal motivates American policy in Southeast Asia. For years, representatives of our government and others have travelled the world seeking to find a basis for peace talks. Since last September they have carried the offer that I made public at San Antonio. And that offer was this: That the United States would stop its bombardment of North Vietnam when that would lead promptly to productive discussions--and that we would assume that North Vietnam would not take military advantage of our restraint. Hanoi denounced this offer, both privately and publicly. Even while the search for peace was going on, North Vietnam rushed their preparations for a savage assault on the people, the government and the allies of South Vietnam. Their attack--during the Tet holidays--failed to achieve its principal objectives. it did not collapse the elected government of South Vietnam or shatter its army--as the Communists had hoped. It did not produce a "general uprising" among the people of the cities, as they had predicted. The communists were unable to maintain control of any of the more than 30 cities that they attacked, and they took very heavy casualties. But they did compel the South Vietnamese and their allies to move certain forces from the countryside into the cities. They caused widespread disruption and suffering. Their attacks, and the battles that followed, made refugees of half a million human beings. The Communists may renew their attack any day. They are, it appears, trying to make 1968 the year of decision in South Vietnam--the year that brings, if not final victory or defeat, at least a turning point in the struggle. This much is clear: If they do mount another round of heavy attacks, they will not succeed in destroying the fighting power of South Vietnam and its allies. But tragically, this is also clear: Many men--on both sides of the struggle will be lost. A nation that has already suffered 20 years of warfare will suffer once again. Armies on both sides will take new casualties. And the war will go on. There is no need for this to be so. There is no need to delay the talks that could bring an end to this long and this bloody war. Tonight, I renew the offer I made last August: to stop the bombardment of North Vietnam. We ask that talks begin promptly, that they be serious talks on the substance of peace. We assume that during those talks Hanoi will not take advantage of our restraint. We are prepared to move immediately toward peace through negotiations. So tonight, in the hope that this action will lead to early talks, I am taking the first step to de-escalate the conflict. We are reducing--substantially reducing--the present level of hostilities, and we are doing so unilaterally and at once. Tonight I have ordered our aircraft and our naval vessels to make no attacks on North Vietnam except in the area north of the demilitarized zone where the continuing enemy build-up directly threatens allied forward positions and where the movement of their troops and supplies are clearly related to that threat. The area in which we are stopping our attacks includes almost 90 percent of North Vietnam's population, and most of its territory. Thus there will be no attacks around the principal populated areas, or in the food-producing areas of North Vietnam. Even this very limited bombing of the North could come to an early end--if our restraint is matched by restraint in Hanoi. But I cannot in good conscience stop all bombing so long as to do so would immediately and directly endanger the lives of our men and our allies. Whether a complete bombing halt becomes possible in the future will be determined by events. Our purpose in this action is to bring about a reduction in the level of violence that now exists. It is to save the lives of brave men--and to save the lives of innocent women and children. It is to permit the contending forces to move closer to a political settlement. And tonight I call upon the United Kingdom and I call upon the Soviet Union--as co-chairmen of the Geneva conferences and as permanent members of the United Nations Security Council--to do all they can to move from the unilateral act of de-escalation that I have just announced toward genuine peace in Southeast Asia. Now, as in the past, the United States is ready to send its representatives to any forum, at any time, to discuss the means of bringing this ugly war to an end. I am designating one of our most distinguished Americans, Ambassador Averell Harriman, as my personal representative for such talks. In addition, I have asked Ambassador Llewellyn Thompson, who returned from Moscow for consultation, to be available to join Ambassador Harriman at Geneva or any other suitable place--just as soon as Hanoi agrees to a conference. I call upon President Ho Chi Minh to respond positively, and favorably, to this new step toward peace. But if peace does not come now through negotiations, it will come when Hanoi understands that our common resolve is unshakable, and our common strength is invincible. Tonight, we and the other allied nations are contributing 600,000 fighting men to assist 700,000 South Vietnamese troops in defending their little country. Our presence there has always rested on this basic belief: The main burden of preserving their freedom must be carried out by them--by the South Vietnamese themselves. We and our allies can only help to provide a shield behind which the people of South Vietnam can survive and can grow and develop. On their efforts--on their determinations and resourcefulness-- the outcome will ultimately depend. That small, beleaguered nation has suffered terrible punishment for more than 20 years. I pay tribute once again tonight to the great courage and the endurance of its people. South Vietnam supports armed forces tonight of almost 700,000 men, and I call your attention to the fact that that is the equivalent of more than 10 million in our own population. Its people maintain their firm determination to be free of domination by the North. There has been substantial progress, I think, in building a durable government during these last three years. The South Vietnam of 1965 could not have survived the enemy's Tet offensive of 1968. The elected government of South Vietnam survived that attack--and is rapidly repairing the devastation that it wrought. The South Vietnamese know that further efforts are going to be required to expand their own armed forces; to move back into the countryside as quickly as possible; to increase their taxes; to select the very best men they have for civil and military responsibility; to achieve a new unity within their constitutional government, and to include in the national effort all those groups who wish to preserve South Vietnam's control over its own destiny. Last week President Thieu ordered the mobilization of 135,000 additional South Vietnamese. He plans to reach as soon as possible a total military strength of more than 800,000 men. To achieve this, the government of South Vietnam started the drafting of 19-year-olds on March 1. On May 1, the government will begin the drafting of 18-year-olds. Last month, 10,000 men volunteered for military service. That was two and a half times the number of volunteers during the same month last year. Since the middle of January, more than 48,000 South Vietnamese have joined the armed forces, and nearly half of them volunteered to do so. All men in the South Vietnamese armed forces have had their tours of duty extended for the duration of the war, and reserves are now being called up for immediate active duty. President Thieu told his people last week, and I quote: "We must make greater efforts, we must accept more sacrifices, because as I have said many times, this is our country. The existence of our nation is at stake, and this is mainly a Vietnamese responsibility." He warned his people that a major national effort is required to root out corruption and incompetence at all levels of government. We applaud this evidence of determination on the part of South Vietnam. Our first priority will be to support their effort. We shall accelerate the re-equipment of South Vietnam's armed forces in order to meet the enemy's increased firepower. And this will enable them progressively to undertake a large share of combat operations against the Communist invaders. On many occasions I have told the American people that we would send to Vietnam those forces that are required to accomplish our mission there. So with that as our guide we have previously authorized a force level of approximately 525,000. Some weeks ago to help meet the enemy's new offensive we sent to Vietnam about 11,000 additional Marine and airborne troops. They were deployed by air in 48 hours on an emergency basis. But the artillery and the tank and the aircraft and medical and other units that were needed to work with and support these infantry troops in combat could not then accompany them by air on that short notice. In order that these forces may reach maximum combat effectiveness, the Joint Chiefs of Staff have recommended to me that we should prepare to send during the next five months the support troops totaling approximately 13,500 men. A portion of these men will be made available from our active forces. The balance will come from reserve component units, which will be called up for service. The actions that we have taken since the beginning of the year to re-equip the South Vietnamese forces; to meet our responsibilities in Korea, as well as our responsibilities in Vietnam; to meet price increases and the cost of activating and deploying these reserve forces; to replace helicopters and provide the other military supplies we need, all of these actions are going to require additional expenditures. The tentative estimate of those additional expenditures is $2.5 billion in this fiscal year and $2.6 billion in the next fiscal year. These projected increases in expenditures for our national security will bring into sharper focus the nation's need for immediate action, action to protect the prosperity of the American people and to protect the strength and the stability of our American dollar. On many occasions I have pointed out that without a tax bill or decreased expenditures, next year's deficit would again be around $20-billion. I have emphasized the need to set strict priorities in our spending. I have stressed that failure to act--and to act promptly and decisively--would raise very strong doubts throughout the world about America's willingness to keep its financial house in order. Yet Congress has not acted. And tonight we face the sharpest financial threat in the post-war era--a threat to the dollar's role as the keystone of international trade and finance in the world. Last week, at the monetary conference in Stockholm, the major industrial countries decided to take a big step toward creating a new international monetary asset that will strengthen the international monetary system. And I'm very proud of the very able work done by Secretary Fowler and Chairman Martin of the Federal Reserve Board. But to make this system work, the United States just must bring its balance of payments to--or very close to--equilibrium. We must have a responsible fiscal policy in this country. The passage of a tax bill now, together with expenditure control that the Congress may desire and dictate, is absolutely necessary to protect this nation's security and to continue our prosperity, and to meet the needs of our people. Now, what is at stake is seven years of unparalleled prosperity. In those seven years, the real income of the average American, after taxes, rose by almost 30 percent--a gain as large as that of the entire preceding 19 years. So the steps that we must take to convince the world are exactly the steps that we must take to sustain our own economic strength here at home. In the past eight months, prices and interest rates have risen because of our inaction. We must therefore now do everything we can to move from debate to action, from talking to voting, and there is, I believe--I hope there is--in both Houses of the Congress a growing sense of urgency that this situation just must be acted upon and must be corrected. My budget in January, we thought, was a tight one. It fully reflected our evaluation of most of the demanding needs of this nation. But in these budgetary matters, the President does not decide alone. The Congress has the power, and the duty, to determine appropriations and taxes. The Congress is now considering our proposals, and they are considering reductions in the budget that we submitted. As part of a program of fiscal restraint that includes the tax surcharge, I shall approve appropriate reductions in the January budget when and if Congress so decides that that should be done. One thing is unmistakably clear, however. Our deficit just must be reduced. Failure to act could bring on conditions that would strike hardest at those people that all of us are trying so hard to help. So these times call for prudence in this land of plenty. And I believe tnat we have the character to provide it, and tonight I plead with the Congress and with the people to act promptly to serve the national interest and thereby serve all of our people. Now let me give you my estimate of the chances for peace--the peace that will one day stop the bloodshed in South Vietnam. That will--all the Vietnamese people will be permitted to rebuild and develop their land. That will permit us to turn more fully to our own tasks here at home. I cannot promise that the initiative that I have announced tonight will be completely successful in achieving peace any more than the 30 others that we have undertaken and agreed to in recent years. But it is our fervent hope that North Vietnam, after years of fighting that has left the issue unresolved, will now cease its efforts to achieve a military victory and will join with us in moving toward the peace table. And there may come a time when South Vietnamese--on bolh sides--are able to work out a way to settle their own differences by free political choice rather than by war. As Hanoi considers its course, it should be in no doubt of our intentions. It must not miscalculate the pressures within our democracy in this election year. We have no intention of widening this war. But the United States will never accept a fake solution to this long and arduous struggle and call it peace. No one can foretell the precise terms of an eventual settlement. Our objective in South Vietnam has never been the annihilation of the enemy. It has been to bring about a recognition in Hanoi that its objective--taking over the South by force--could not be achieved. We think that peace can be based on the Geneva accords of 1954, under political conditions that permit the South Vietnamese--all the South Vietnamese--to chart their course free of any outside domination or interferences, from us or from anyone else. So tonight I reaffirm the pledge that we made at Manila: that we are prepared to withdraw our forces from South Vietnam as the other side withdraws its forces to the North, stops the infiltration, and the level of violence thus subsides. Our goal of peace and self-determination in Vietnam is directly related to the future of all of Southeast Asia, where much has happened to inspire confidence during the past 10 years. And we have done all that we knew how to do to contribute and to help build that confidence. A number of nations have shown what can be accomplished under conditions of security. Since 1966, Indonesia, the fifth largest nation in all the world, with a population of more than 100 million people, has had a government that's dedicated to peace with its neighbours and improved conditions for its own people. Political and economic cooperation between nations has grown rapidly. And I think every American can take a great deal of pride in the role that we have played in bringing this about in Southeast Asia. We can rightly judge--as responsible Southeast Asians themselves do--that the progress of the past three years would have been far less likely, if not completely impossible, if America's sons and others had not made their stand in Vietnam. At Johns Hopkins University about three years ago, I announced that the United States would take part in the great work of developing Southeast Asia, including the Mekong valley, for all the people of that region. Our determination to help build a better land--a better land for men on both sides of the present conflict--has not diminished in the least. Indeed, the ravages of war, I think, have made it more urgent than ever. So I repeat on behalf of the United States again tonight what I said at Johns Hopkins--that North Vietnam could take its place in this common effort just as soon as peace comes. Over time, a wider framework of peace and security in Southeast Asia may become possible. The new cooperation of the nations of the area could be a foundation stone. Certainly friendship with the nations of such a Southeast Asia is what the United States seeks--and that is all that the United States seeks. One day, my fellow citizens, there will be peace in Southeast Asia. It will come because the people of Southeast Asia want it--those whose armies are at war tonight; those who, though threatened, have thus far been spared. Peace will come because Asians were willing to work for it and to sacrifice for it--and to die by the thousands for it. But let it never be forgotten: peace will come also because America sent her sons to help secure it. It has not been easy--far from it. During the past four and a half years, it has been my fate and my responsibility to be Commander in Chief. I have lived daily and nightly with the cost of this war. I know the pain that it has inflicted. I know perhaps better than anyone the misgivings it has aroused. And throughout this entire long period I have been sustained by a single principle: that what we are doing now in Vietnam is vital not only to the security of Southeast Asia but it is vital to the security of every American. Surely, we have treaties which we must respect. Surely, we have commitments that we are going to keep. Resolutions of the Congress testify to the need to resist aggression in the world and in Southeast Asia. But the heart of our involvement in South Vietnam under three different Presidents, three separate Administrations, has always been America's own security. And the larger purpose of our involvement has always been to help the nations of Southeast Asia become independent, and stand alone as self-sustaining members of a great world community, at peace with themselves, at peace with all others. And with such a nation our country--and the world-- will be far more secure than it is tonight. I believe that a peaceful Asia is far nearer to reality because of what America has done in Vietnam. I believe that the men who endure the dangers of battle there, fighting there for us tonight, are helping the entire world avoid far greater conflicts, far wider wars, far more destruction, than this one. The peace that will bring them home someday will come. Tonight, I have offered the first in what I hope will be a series of mutual moves toward peace. I pray that it will not be rejected by the leaders of North Vietnam. I pray that they will accept it as a means by which the sacrifices of their own people may be ended. And I ask your help and your support, my fellow citizens, for this effort to reach across the battlefield toward an early peace. Yet, I believe that we must always be mindful of this one thing--whatever the trials and the tests ahead, the ultimate strength of our country and our cause will lie, not in powerful weapons or infinite resources or boundless wealth, but will lie in the unity of our people. Finally, my fellow Americans, let me say this: Of those to whom much is given much is asked. I cannot say--and no man could say--that no more will be asked of us. Yet I believe that now, no less than when the decade began, this generation of Americans is willing to pay the price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival, and the success, of liberty. Since those words were spoken by John F. Kennedy, the people of America have kept that compact with mankind's noblest cause. And we shall continue to keep it. This I believe very deeply. Throughout my entire public career I have followed the personal philosophy that I am a free man, an American, a public servant and a member of my party--in that order--always and only. For 37 years in the service of our nation, first as a congressman, as a senator and as vice president, and now as your president, I have put the unity of the people first, I have put it ahead of any divisive partisanship. And in these times, as in times before, it is true that a house divided against itself by the spirit of faction, of party, of region, of religion, of race, is a house that cannot stand. There is division in the American house now. There is divisiveness among us all tonight. And holding the trust that is mine, as President of all the people, I cannot disregard the peril of the progress of the American people and the hope and the prospect of peace for all peoples, so I would ask all Americans whatever their personal interest or concern to guard against divisiveness and all of its ugly consequences. Fifty-two months and ten days ago, in a moment of tragedy and trauma, the duties of this office fell upon me. I asked then for your help, and God's that we might continue America on its course binding up our wounds, healing our history, moving forward in new unity to clear the American agenda and to keep the American commitment for all of our people. United we have kept that commitment. And united we have enlarged that commitment. And through all time to come I think America will be a stronger nation, a more just society, a land of greater opportunity and fulfilment because of what we have all done together in these years of unparalleled achievement. Our reward will come in the life of freedom and peace and hope that our children will enjoy through ages ahead. What we won when all of our people united just must not now be lost in suspicion and distrust and selfishness and politics among any of our people. And believing this as I do I have concluded that I should not permit the Presidency to become involved in the partisan divisions that are developing in this political year. With American sons in the fields far away, with America's future under challenge right here at home, with our hopes and the world's hopes for peace in the balance every day, I do not believe that I should devote an hour or a day of my time to any personal partisan causes or to any duties other than the awesome duties of this office--the presidency of your country. Accordingly, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President. But let men everywhere know, however, that a strong and a confident and a vigilant America stands ready tonight to seek an honourable peace; and stands ready tonight to defend an honoured cause, whatever the price, whatever the burden, whatever the sacrifice that duty may require. Thank you for listening. Good night and God bless all of you. 19. Vietnam should mind their own troubles so that the U.S could extricate their selves from Asia. 20. A resounding election victory for Nixon seemed to make a difference. Less than three months after the election (January 28, 1973), a negotiated ceasefire ended U.S. 21. South Vietnamese people who had been loyal to the U.S. were left behind. There was just not enough time to get them all. It was an ugly exit. They could not go with them in the helicopter. 22. In the mid 70's, President Ford offered limited immunity to U.S. draft dodgers who had fled to Canada. Later President Carter expanded the offer, and most draft dodgers returned home. I think it is stupid that president carter expended the offer. 23. This is what the author said: Throughout the world, communism is dying of its own weight more than anything the U.S. military has done to fight it. Of course, we did not know that in 1965. We had made a commitment to support South Vietnam. But we did not place limits on that commitment. To the moon! 1. It was the continuing struggle between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, to be the most powerful country on earth. 2. Alan Shepard. 3. The U.S. spent $20 billion to land a man on the moon. We allocated this money despite Lyndon Johnson's war on poverty, the Great Society, and the resources spent on the Vietnam War. We did not know it at the time, but the Soviet's efforts to stay ahead on the race put a much more serious dent in the economy of the Soviet Union. Whether they wanted to or not, Soviet citizens paid a high price so that their country could stay in the race. 4. Apollo 11. Aboard were Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin, and Neil Armstrong. 5. The Apollo would land in the middle of the night and, because they had no VCR´s could they not just tape it. So the television networks told us to turn the volume down low and go to sleep with the TV on. When the time came, they would blast a loud signal to wake us up. 6. "Tranquillity base here; the Eagle has landed." Assignment boomer essay´s
The Death of a Friend
1. Mike Fernberg died last week. Mike was one of my best friends in junior high school. I went to his Bar Mitzvah party; he rode on the back of my motor scooter; we did the lighting for the school plays. We were kids together; we grew up together. I lost track of Mike after we graduated, but we got back together at each of our high school reunions. He was just the same; it was as if we were still best friends. Oh, Mike still lived in Cleveland; I had long-since moved away. Mike was married; I was not. But we were still good buddies. I really liked him. Mike was fun; Mike was smart; Mike was simply a good person. There was one other difference between us. Mike had a good head on his shoulders. We did goofy stuff together, but never anything really stupid or dangerous. Except that somewhere along the way, after we graduated, Mike had started to smoke. I noticed it at the reunions; there was no way I could avoid it; the guy was a walking smoke stack. I have always been an ardent non-smoker; the reasons not to smoke were obvious to me. I decided not to bug Mike about it when I saw him. I didn't think there was much I could do about his bad habit, especially when I saw him only once every few years. Besides, that was his business. The last time I saw Mike was at our high school reunion last summer. That's Mike and his wife, Pat, at the reunion. As usual, Mike was the first person to greet me when I arrived. He was the last one to shake my hand, hug me, and wish me well when I left. About six months ago, I got a note from Mike's wife saying that Mike had broken his leg. It was rather strange... he was just walking across the living room when his leg gave out. That's not supposed to happen... not unless the entire bone in your leg has been eaten away. For some reason, the cancer started in his leg, and then quickly spread throughout his body. Mike had a history of cancer in his family. He tried to spread the direct cause around. Maybe it was the chemicals he used in his photography business; maybe it was the hot coffee he drank; maybe it was the smoking. Maybe it was none of those. Sure, you can play all those games, if it makes you feel better. But the best information we have today is that if Mike had not smoked, he would still be alive and healthy today. We can say that with almost total certainty. I guess it is something we boomers will have to get used to, just as every generation does. But Mike is the first of my "inner circle" of friends to die. It is a strange, sad and lonely emptiness. However painful, I expected my parents to die. But I didn't expect my friend to die; not now; not yet. Mike was not even 50 years old. Fifty years old may seem like forever into the future when you are 18; but it doesn't seem that way when you are 48, in the prime of your life, and expecting to live for another 30-40 years. The last few months of Mike's life were miserable. He put up a good fight, and put on a good face. But it was horrible for him, and for all those around him who cared for him. As far as I know, nobody held a gun to Mike's head to force him to smoke. It was his choice; it was his life. Was it worth it? Chopping off 30-40 years of your life in exchange for 30 years of puffing a cigarette? Because that is the trade-off he willingly made. And if it is worth the trade-off, then I must be missing a lot by not smoking. I have never enjoyed any of the benefits that Mike traded in exchange for 30-40 years of life. What am I missing? Is smoking that much more enjoyable than not smoking? Is it really? It has taken over thirty years, but since the surgeon general reported in 1964 that smoking was bad for you, we've come to accept that reality here in the U.S. Not even the tobacco industry argues that truth any more. So why, as individuals, leaders and role models... why can't we just stop it? One by one, one person at a time, just stop? Don't give me this crap about how addictive it is... how hard it is to quit. I'm getting real ticked off at us baby boomers whining about how we can't do something because it is too hard. It doesn't matter what it is, we'd rather make an excuse; we'd rather blame someone else; we'd rather have the government pass a law; we'd rather sue somebody... than take individual responsibility and do what we know is the right thing. "Oh, but I'm a victim; it's not really my fault." That's nothing but crap, folks; and you and I both know it! And it is literally killing us; it is eating away at our society. How can you say it is too hard? It is nothing! Nothing!! You wanna' know what's hard? What's hard is watching your husband waste away in front of you, and not being able to do a damn thing about it. What's hard is waking up in the middle of the night hearing your husband go into a convulsion, hearing him struggle to take a breath, and then die... right in bed next to you. That is what's hard! So don't give me this crap about how hard it is to quit smoking; I don't want to hear it; not today; not ever! When we were young, our president said, "We choose to go to the moon in this decade, and do the other things, not because they are easy... but because they are hard." That is the spirit of the people who made America the strongest country on earth. That is how generations before us thrived in spite of enormous adversities. What happened? When did we just throw our hands up in the air and give in because we thought it was too hard? Are we going to go down in history as the generation that gave up... just because we thought it was too hard? What then, are they going to write on our tombstone, "Mistakes Were Made"? Like it or not, this is the lesson we are passing on to our children. We should be ashamed. Grow up; wake up; shut up; stop whining! Take responsibility; do the right thing! I don't care how hard it is. To know what is right... and yet not do it, is the surest form of cowardice. I suppose you could say it was a gamble; maybe Mike wouldn't get cancer; not everybody who smokes does. But was the gamble worth it? How can you say that will never happen to you? How can you say you don't care if it happens to you? How can you say you will worry about it later? What makes you so different from the millions of people whose insides have been eaten away by cancer? Gees, these questions are so easy to me. It is so obvious. Why wasn't it to Mike? Why isn't it to millions of baby boomers? I didn't have the nerve to ask Mike after he got sick. But I'll ask you now. Have you got any answers for me? Comment: I think it is really said that I friend mike died of cancer in the prime of his life, and it is especially hard that he died, but when he did not smoke he could still be alive. Even when his friend told him that it is very bad he would not stop. I think it is crap if people say that it is so hard to quick because it is so addictive, I totally degree whit the author. if you really like eating fat stuffs, you will not eat it whole day because you know it is bad for your health. Should we not stop whit smoking? We know that a lot of people die of the causes of cancer. Is health not the most important thing we have? And think about the people who are sitting next to you they are unwilling smoking whit you. It stinks, your house and your close will stink and even if you have kids they will stink too , your teeth will went down and smoking costs a lot, it costs your health and your money!!!!! I think it is good that this essay on the internet is because it warns people and maybe they will not smoke any more in the future. I think the government should forbid smoking. And the people who make that cancer sticks should know better. A trip to the dentist: 2. In the category of "be careful what you wish for...," I was just saying the other day that I would rather spend an afternoon writhing in pain in the dentist's chair than hear another word about Monica Lewinsky and Bill Clinton. Sure enough, the next day my dentist informed me that my lower, right wisdom tooth had to come out. This surprised me; I thought I had liberated all my wisdom teeth when I was a teenager...... Things were indeed so much simpler then. That summer in the late 60's I was working in the food service area at the local swimming pool. We fixed and filled vending machines and kept the place clean. (Read about it in "The Days of Summers Past.") There were only a few days when the temperature went over 80 degrees in Cleveland, and this particular day was destined to be a scorcher. I was scheduled to work the 1-9 shift. But I had a 10 o'clock appointment to have a tooth removed. I remember that I had novocaine, but I can still hear the sound of the tooth crackling as it reluctantly gave up its comfortable seat in the rear of my mouth. The sound was worse than the pain. But afterwards, with my mouth swollen and full of bloody gauze, I put on my Variety Vending T-shirt and headed over to the pool. I had work to do. "When duty whispers low, 'thou must'; the youth replies: 'I can.'" (High school poetry... I don't remember the author.) Anyway, I was OK as long as I did not have to bend over, and didn't have to talk. It was not worth the effort to explain why I could not talk right... especially when... I could not talk right. So I just nodded my head a lot, and tried to do my job. Weatherman Dick Goddard was right; it was hot as blazes. Ron Silver, owner of Variety Vending and watchdog of the food service area, was a taskmaster to end all. If you looked the wrong way, he let you know about it. It was not at all unusual to get yelled at half a dozen times a day. But his bark was far worse than his bite. He never fired anybody; the faint of heart quit long before he had a chance. So it didn't surprise me when Ron yelled at me in spite of my delicate condition. "Thunder," he barked. (My nickname was "Thunder" - it's a long story.) "Get over there!" "Thunder; pick up that paper." I was used to it... I just did my job and kept my mouth shut. I needed the buck-thirty-five an hour I was making. The novocaine was still doing it's job; I really felt OK. But that was not good enough for Ron. I remember him calling me over and ordering me to "talk to the customers." I mumbled something back to him, but he just pointed to "the floor," and ordered me to get back out there. So it was especially surprising when he called me over in the middle of a rush and gently told me to take a few minutes off. "Go in the back and wash your hands and face. Sit down and rest for a while." Huh?? It was only when I went into the back and looked in a mirror that I realized there was a stream of blood trickling down out of the corner of my mouth. Ah, those were the simpler days of my youth. This time the dentist warned me that "this may hurt just a little bit." He called it a surgical extraction of the lower, right wisdom tooth. I thought of it as an amputation of a loyal and long-time body appendage. I know this was no John Wayne Bobbit deal; but still, I had carried this tooth around for nearly half a century. Doesn't loyalty count for anything? I guess not. My dentist's office is just down the road from University Hospital in Tampa. You may recall that that is the infamous place where a doctor cut off the wrong leg of a diabetes patient a few years ago. Now, my dentist has no affiliation with that hospital, but I was taking no chances. I walked into his office with the words "WRONG SIDE" painted on the left side of my face. And just to make sure, I also painted the word "NO" on both arms and legs. And I guess he did not find it amusing when I asked him how many patients he had lost while extracting a tooth. I thought it was a perfectly reasonable inquiry. My dentist has always taken precautions; it only makes sense. However, this is the first time I recall him using arm and leg restraints on me. Suddenly I realized that this was going to be a big deal. Fortunately, as he shot me up with novocaine and I began to go numb, my favourite music was playing in the background. It was one of those frequent flashbacks to the sixties: "I see... a bad moon rising
I see... trouble on the way

I see... earthquakes and lightning' I see... bad times today." I actually felt very little pain, and I didn't hear the much dreaded sound of my roots letting go of the tight grip on my jaw. The dentist had apparently decided on a different approach. "Nurse, let me have the Patriot missile bit, please." He was going to drill it into submission. Apparently there was not enough tooth left for him to pull it, so he had to drill it out. "You got to know when to hold 'em; know when to fold 'em. Know when to walk away, and know when to run." Believe me, I felt like running. "Well, that's half of it," he said confidently, as he drew his hands out of my mouth and paused. Half of it? He cut it in half? Not feeling comfortable with the silence, and reaching as far as I could for some comic relief, I managed to mumble, "Well I guess that means we won't be able to put a bracket on it and use it as a key chain." Nothing. Not a thing. It was as if I had said absolutely nothing. He just went back to work on the other half. But about 90 seconds later, he said, very matter-of-factly, "No, we won't be able to make a key chain out of this," and went on with his work. So much for his sense of humour. "Cause every hand's a winner
And every hand's a loser
And the best you can hope for is to die in your sleep." Yeah, but with arm and leg restraints strapped to your body? "Don't you know that it... hurts so bad; it makes me feel so sad...." I have been going to this dentist for nearly a quarter of a century; he really is terrific, in spite of my complaints. And if he does not have a sense of humor, his office manager proved that she does. I had a friend drive me this time, and while I was losing a tooth, the manager walked out to the waiting room and said, "This is not going particularly well; it may take a little longer than we expected. Are you a close friend or relative of the patient?" But in about an hour, it was all over... all but the recovery. No, I was not up for an afternoon of work this time. I went straight home and to bed. Besides, the words "WRONG SIDE" were still emblazoned on my left cheek. On the way home, the pain began to set in, but music was will running through my mind. I thought of how I might be able to write about the experience. With apologies to Dion and the Belmonts, I penned this: "Here's my story... it's sad but true; 'bout a tooth, I used to chew. It had to go, 'cause it went bad. and left me feeling... oh, so sad. Hurt, hurt; w-ooo-ooo-oh; hurt, hurt. w-ooo-ooo-oh; hurt, hurt. w-ooo-ooo-oh; hurt! Ahhhhhhhh..." Yeah, that captured the moment. Fortunately, that is as far as I went with it. Twelve hours later I was hungry, but the thought of chewing food was downright scary. Nope, not yet. So what's a guy to do? Well, I'll bet you didn't know that you can suck a McDonald's french fry straight through a thick, plastic straw, did you? "We are motivated by inspiration or desperation." I don't know which this was. Actually, it didn't taste half bad. Well, it is five days later, and I am only now getting back to normal. But I learned the hard way that one good sneeze wipes out three days of healing. So I guess it's true that you heal faster when you are young. But I'd like to think I was a bit wiser this time; no blood trickled out of my mouth - at least, not that I am aware of. And I can tell you this for sure: the next tooth of mine that is amputated will be removed over my cold, hard, dead body. Don't hold your breath. "And somewhere in the night, the gambler, he broke even. But in his final words I found
and ace that I could keep." Remember, kids: brush and floss after every meal. Comment: I think this I a very painful story and I think everyone who reads this will brush his teeth’s better then he ever did. It is very funny that he had painted the word no on his arms and legs. And on his left cheek he had painted wrong side. Luckily for him that they played some of his favourite music so he could concentrate him on the music and not on that horrible sound. It is not easy when you don’t feel anything in you mouth because you can’t eat and talk. And the most embarrassing of all your cheeks look like a football, because they are swollen op so much. If I was him I would be even scared as he was. Especially when he heard al that scary story’s. I will brush my teeth’s after this story much better, because I don’t want to have my mole extracted.


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