London is the capital of England and also the largest city in both England and the United Kingdom. London is 1,577.3 km2 and has 8,674,713 inhabitants. Between 1831 and 1925 was Lead the largest city in the world. London is the political, economical and cultural centre of the country. In Europe and the world England fulfils important functions. London is also considered as one of the alfa world cities, along with Paris, Tokyo and New York. London has four sites on the UNESCO World Heritage sites: the Tower of London, the historic settlement of Greenwich, Kew Gardens, and a joint tender for the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church.
In prehistoric times was according to the mythology of Geoffrey of Monmouth was London founded by Brutus of Troy. But there is no proof found of an historic British city. During the prehistoric times was London an agricultural area. In that area were the trading posts Egham and Brentford. They are not become cities because there is a lack of communicatieomelijkheden. Around the year 50, the city was founded on the North Bank of the River Thames as Londinium by the Roman Emperor Claudius. But in the ' London ' 61 was completely destroyed, but quickly grew into one of the largest cities of the Roman Empire. After 410, when the Romans had left, hit the city in decline. In the middle ages the city was regularly plundered by Vikings. But after a while Alfred the great defeated the Vikings after many battles. When the city could be great again. London was bigger and bigger. In 1100, the city had 40,000 inhabitants and in 1300 were that there were already almost 100,000. Because of the wealth of the city was London more independent. Lead early was a financial trade centre. But when disaster struck 2 London shortly after each other. In 1665 there was a plague epidemic, which has about 100,000 people, and in 1666 the great fire of London, which from 2 to 5 September and much anger devastated. With St Paul's Cathedral in flames. At the same time, was the second English-Dutch war going on. Everything had to be rebuilt. They built the Palace of Whitehall back on, but in burn the 1698. At the end of the seventeenth century founds William III with the Dutch capital, the Bank of England. In the eighteenth century London was a prosperous city, in which Amsterdam had a role. In the nineteenth century there was a large-scale sewage network. London was the first city in the world in this way improved the standard of living and health of the population.
Before-and-after the second world war
During the second world war London was hard hit by German bombing, in which there are approximately 20,000 people died. From the Cabinet War Rooms led Winston Churchill the Empire. After the second world war, London several times for threatened floods (1952 and 1962). The city drops 30 cm per century, which made necessary the construction of the Thames Barrier at Woolwich in the Thames. London has often been the target of terrorism because of its status. In 1939 and 1940 and between 1973 and 2001, Provisional Irish Republican Army committed a large amount of bomb attacks. The most serious was on 7 July 2005. At three different trains were emptied/39 fell victims in bomb attacks. There was also a bus blown up there fell 13 killed. Two weeks later failed a series of similar attacks. On Friday 29 June 2007 was hardly an attack using car bombs.
London consists of thirteen localities of Inner London: the City of London and twelve directly surrounding towns, surrounded by Outer London. The towns are also David divided into districts. In total there are 33.
In London there is a temperate climate. Relatively speaking, therefore, there is not much rain and snow. But in February 2009 there was a snowstorm.
More than 100 different nationalities living in London, and there are more than 300 languages are spoken. Most people who live in London come from the UK, 5,230,155. But there are also many people who from: Ireland, India, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Pakistan and Kenya. And mer other countries.
Development of the population
Since 1939, the population dropped. But in recent years, the number of weather.
58.2% of Londoners calls himself Christian. 15.8% says they nowhere in believe. 8.5% are Muslims, 2.1% 4.1% is Hindu, is Jewish, 1.5% 0.8% is Buddhist, Sikhs, 0.3% and 0.2% are other Pagans is believe. 8.7% of the residents have no answer to this question.
The local Government of London is divided over two levels. The highest level is the Greater London Authority, made also from two groups. The Mayor of London and the London Assembly. Their head office is in the modern City Hall, long the River Thames. The lower level is called the London local government, formed by 33 local authorities: the edge of the 32 London towns, and the City of London Corporation. They are responsible for the local things, such as education, social services and waste collection.
The Metropolitan Police Service is responsible for security in greater London, except the City of London. That is under the supervision of the Metropolitan Police Authority. And the City also has its own police, the City of London Police. For the safety of National Rail and London underground the Underground, that is. That will be managed by the London transport Police. Of course you also have a fire department, which is the London Fire Brigade. The Sales et de Leucate Lake-is active throughout London, including the City. The London Fire Brigade referred to the largest fire departments in the world. The ambulance service is taken care of by the London Ambulance Service. Her Majesty's Coastguard and the Royal Institution Lifeboat are both active on the Thames as rescue service.
Points of interest
Many famous buildings in London. An icon for London is, of course, the clock tower of Big Ben, which is part of the Palace of Westminster, also known as House of Parliament. The Tower of London is a historical place. You think it's a tower, but that's not it, but it is a large fortress. The oldest pieces are from the eleventh century. Used to have the function as a Royal Palace, but also as a prison where opponents of the Crown were held. Now it is a museum where bands like crown jewels. Tower Bridge is located next to the Tower of London, so the bridge its name. 40,000 vehicles pass daily, but also pedestrian this bridge. Tower Bridge is one of the biggest tourist attractions. The Palace Buckingham Palace is the London residence of Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip. There are many other Royal buildings such as: Frog-more, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington Palace and Windsor Castle. The London Eye is one of the latest attractions of London. With stunning views over a large part of the city.
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