I chose for Australia because my parents know a friend there. He emigrated servile years ago. He visits us every year, and tells a lot of stories about Australia.
He also told us about the Australian football.
But I didn’t knew there where so many attraction parks. Also I find out that the weather is very differently. So on the internet I find a lot of information.
Full country name: Commonwealth of Australia
Area: 7,682,300 sq km
Population: 19.5 million
Capital city: Canberra (pop: 313,000) People: 94% European descent, 4% Asian, 1.5% Aboriginal
Languages: English, Aboriginal languages (plus numerous other European, Arabic and Asian languages) Religion: 75% Christian, 1% Muslim, 1% Buddhist, 0.5% Jewish
Government: Independent member of the British Commonwealth
Prime Minister: John Howard
Governor-General: Dr Peter Hollingworth Population: Australia is as big as the USA, but there only live 19 million people. That means that there are only two people per square kilometres. 85 percent of the population lives in cities. 80 percent of the population lives in areas near to the sea, and those areas are only 3 percent of the total country size. Like you can see in ‘facts’ most people in Australia are of European origin (95 percent). 4 percent is of Asian origin. The aborigines make up 1 percent of the population. Sport is a very important thing in Australia. They are very successful in international sport events. The main religion in Australia is Christian church, but there are also other religions.
Weather: The Australian climate varies from region to region. In the North the climate is tropical with a hot wet summer and a warm dry winter. In the middle of the continent is too less rainfall, there is a great dessert. Around the dessert we find the savannah grasslands. The South, Southeast and East regions near to the sea have a warm temperate climate. That means in the hottest month the temperature lies between 18° and 21°C and in the coldest months about 10°C. Australia's seasons are the opposite of the northern hemisphere - summer officially starts in December and winter in June. Australia's climate and the fact that it is the driest continent on earth makes it a great holiday destination all year round. In the Australian winter you can ski in the southern states one day and be diving the next. Australia has the most number of skin cancer cases. Every year 150.000 new cases of skin caser established, of witch die each year 1000 people. Especially on the Southern-hemisphere became the ozone layer last years much thinner, which causes the ultraviolet radiation many damage. The authorities warns the population with campaigns for these dangers. There are so-called burn times. Advised becomes between 11.00 and 15.00 hours the sun to avoid. How is Australia today? Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It's about the same size as the 48 mainland states of the USA and 50 per cent larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world. Australia is divided into six states and two territories. (you can see them on the map next page) The six states: ( capital) • Western Australia (Perth) • Northern Territory (Darwin) • Queens land (Brisbane) • South Australia (Adelaide) • New South Wales (Sydney) • Victoria (Melbourne)
The difference in time: There are three difference time zones (Eastern Standard Time; Central Time and Western Time) + summer- and wintertime. What makes it difficult to find out what time it is in Australia. But we can say it’s about 7 to 10 hours later than in Holland.
How can you get there: Actually the only way to get there is by plane. by boat is only possible when you are on a cruise. From Holland to Australia is about 23 hours flying. That can be less or more, depending where you take a stop and where you land. Flights to Australia are often full, so it can be smart to book your flight a half year before going. You need a visa and a passport.
What’s the best way to travel around? The best way to travel around Australia is to become a backpacker. There are organisations who makes it possible for young people to work and travel in Australia. They supply work and keep in contact with you and your relations back home. The best way to travel is to buy a car and sell it when you leave the country, or to travel by greyhound bus. You sleep in a tent or in a youth-hostels. Work is possible all year around, in picking fruit, working on farms or working in restaurants.
When to go? Any time is a good time to be in Australia. Summer (December to February) can get uncomfortably hot just about anywhere, even sometimes in Tasmania. If you're in the southern states during these months it's great beach weather and great melanoma weather. Up north, this is the wet season, when it's very, very humid and when the sea is swarming with box jellyfish. On the upside, the Top End is beautifully green and free of tourists at this time. From June until August things have cooled down a little and dried up a lot up north. This is a good time to visit Queens land or the outback. If you're here for the skiing, now's the time to head for the snowfields of NSW and Victoria. Overall, spring and autumn are probably the safest bets - the weather is reasonably mild wherever you are, and spring brings out the wildflowers in the outback, while autumn is particularly beautiful around Canberra and in the Victorian Alps. If you want to avoid holiday road chaos, don't arrive in Australia at Easter or just before Christmas.
Where will you money be spend on? If you're coming from Europe or the USA, Australia is going to look pretty cheap. Food, in particular, is great value. Accommodation is also reasonably priced, and if you're staying in hostels or on-site caravans or camping, and mostly making your own meals you will save a lot of money! Travel will be your biggest expense, because the distances are long. You'll have no problems changing foreign currencies or cash at almost any bank or exchange bureau. Travellers cheques generally get a better rate than cash, though banks take out a commission. Credit cards (particularly Visa and MasterCard) are widely accepted. National Parks Unusual for a national capital, more than 40 per cent of the Australian Capital Territory is covered by national park. The park includes high plateaus, mountain streams, thick forest and grasslands.
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